Shrines and Temples of Nikkō facts for kids
|Shrines and Temples of Nikkō *|
Yomeimon gate of Toshogu shrine
|Criteria||i, iv, vi|
|Inscription||1999 (23rd Session)|
The area of Nikko has been a Shinto forest since pre-historic times. It has had Buddhist temples since the 9th century. Thousands of Japanese cedars were planted in the early 17th century
The shrines and temples of Nikkō are closely related to the history of the Tokugawa Shoguns.
In 1871, the Shinto areas and Buddhist areas were separated. Three sites were identified -- two Shinto shrine complexes and one Buddhist temple complex.
After the "Law on the Preservation of Shrines and Temples" in 1897, Nikkō was protected by the Japanese government.
Nikkō's shrines and temples were named a World Heritage Site in 1999.
- At the Futarasan Shrine (二荒山神社 Futarasan jinja), 23 structures are included in the World Heritage site. All are registered "Important Cultural Properties".
- At the Tōshōgū Shrine (東照宮 Tōshō-gū), many buildings are named as part of the World Heritage site. Some are registered "National Treasures of Japan" and 37 are "Important Cultural Properties"
- At the Rinnō Temple (輪王寺 Rinnō-ji), many buildings were mentioned in the World Heritage Site nomination process. There are 37 "Important Cultural Properties". One sub-temple complex made up of the Honden and Haiden of the Taiyuin Mausoleum is a registered "National Treasure of Japan".
In 2012, the World Heritage Site covers nine National Treasures of Japan and many "Important Cultural Properties".
Many gates and buildings at Nikkō have very detailed carvings. The use of color is based on records dating back to 1753. The very precise descriptions of the architectural structures and the decorative works are used by experts who want to preserve history at Nikkō.
23 structures of the Futarasan Shrine are included in the nomination. All are registered Important Cultural Properties. They are:
|Honden||Main building enshrining the three deities of the Futarasan shrine.||1619|
|Karamon||Gate in front of the Honden.||Edo periodearly|
|Wakimon||Gate of the Sukibe.||Edo periodearly|
|Sukibe||Roofed wall enclosing the Honden.||Edo periodearly|
|Torii||Copper torii marking the entrance to the shrine.||1799|
|Shinkyō||Wooden arched bridge.||1904|
|Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Honden||Building enshrining Tagorihime no Mikoto.||1713|
|Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Karamon||Gate of the Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Honden.||1740|
|Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Haiden||Worship hall.||c. 1713|
|Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Rōmon||Gate to the Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja.||1697|
|Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Torii (3 structures)||Stone torii at the approach to the Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja marking the sacred area.||1696, 1779|
|Betsugū Hongū-jinja Honden||Building enshrining Ajisukitakahikone no Mikoto.||1685|
|Betsugū Hongū-jinja Karamon||Gate in front of the Betsugū Hongū-jinja Honden.||c. 1685|
|Betsugū Hongū-jinja Sukibe||Roofed wall enclosing the Betsugū Hongū-jinja Honden.||c. 1685|
|Betsugū Hongū-jinja Haiden||Worship hall.||1685|
|Betsugū Hongū-jinja Torii||Stone torii at the approach to the Betsugū Hongū-jinja marking the sacred area.||1800|
|Shin-yosha||Storehouse for mikoshi, portable shrines.||1641|
|Daikokuden||Building enshrining Ōkuninushi no Mikoto.||1745|
|Massha Mitomo-jinja Honden||Building enshrining Sukunabikona no Mikoto.||c. 1751–1761|
|Massha Hie-jinja Honden||Building enshrining Ōyamakui no Mikoto.||c. 1648–1651|
42 buildings of the Tōshō-gū shrine are included in the nomination. Eight structures are registered National Treasures of Japan and 34 are Important Cultural Properties.
|Honden, Ishinoma, Haiden||Honden: Building enshrining the deified image of Tokugawa Ieyasu, Tōshō Daigongen.
Ishinoma: Chamber connecting Honden and Haiden.
Haiden: Worship hall.
|Shōmen Karamon||Gate in front of Haiden. Third gate.||1636|
|Haimen Karamon||Gate behind Honden.||1636|
|Tōzai Sukibe||Roofed wall enclosing Honden, Ishinoma and Haiden.||1636|
|Yōmeimon||Two-storied gate. Second gate.||1636|
|Tōzai Kairō and Kugurimon||Roofed cloisters enclosing shrine buildings.||1636|
|Kamishamusho||Building for Shinto services.||1636|
|Kaguraden||Building for the Kagura ritual.||Edo periodearly|
|Shin-yosha||Storehouse for mikoshi, portable shrines.||1636|
|Korō||Storehouse for drums.||1636|
|Honjidō||Building enshrining Yakushi, the healing Buddha.||1636|
|Kyōzō||Storehouse for sutras.||1636|
|Mizuya||Stone building sheltering the water basin.||1636|
|Shinkyū||Stable for sacred horses.||1636|
|Ishidorii||Stone torii at front approach.||1618|
|Sakashitamon||Gate at the entrance to the Okusha.||1636|
|Okusha Hōtō||Building enshrining the remains of Tokugawa Ieyasu.||1683|
|Okusha Karamon||Gate in front of the Hōtō.||1650|
|Okusha Ishitamagaki||Stonewall enclosing the Okusha.||Edo periodearly|
|Okusha Haiden||Worship hall.||1636|
|Okusha Dōjinko||Treasure storehouse.||1654|
|Okusha Torii||Copper torii at the front approach to the Okusha.||c. 1683|
|Okusha Sekisaku||Stone fence along the front approach.||Edo periodearly|
|Kariden Honden, Ainoma, Haiden||Honden: Building enshrining the deified image of Tokugawa Ieyasu, Tōshō Daigongen in case of repair works on the main Honden.
Ainoma: Building connecting the Honden and Haiden.
Haiden: Worship hall.
|Kariden Karamon||Gate in front of the Kariden Honden.||Edo periodearly|
|Kariden Sukibe||Roofed wall enclosing the Kariden Honden.||Edo periodearly|
|Kariden Wakimon||Gate of the Kariden Sukibe.||Edo periodearly|
|Kariden Torii||Copper torii at the front approach to the Kariden Honden.||Edo periodearly|
|Kariden Shōrō||Belfry.||Edo periodearly|
|Otabisho Honden||Building used in the Togyosai festival.||1685|
|Otabisho Haiden||Worship hall used in the Togyosai festival.||c. 1685|
|Otabisho Shinsenjo||Building where sacred food is prepared during the Togyosai festival.||c. 1685|
|Kyūokusha Karamon||Stone gate of the Kyūokusha. Reconstructed in a new location after destruction in an earthquake.||1641|
|Kyūokusha Torii||Torii of the Kyūokusha. Reconstructed in a new location after destruction in an earthquake.||1641|
38 buildings of Rinnō-ji temple are included in the nomination. One structure, comprising the Honden, Ainoma and Haiden of the Taiyuin Mausoleum, is a registered National Treasure of Japan and 37 are Important Cultural Properties.
|Hon-dō (Sanbutsudō)||Buddha hall.||1647|
|Sōrintō||Copper sutra repository tower.||1643|
|Hombō Omotemon||Front gate of the Hombō.||Edo periodmid|
|Kaizandō||Founder's hall dedicated to the priest Shōdō.||c. 1720|
|Jōgyōdō||Buddha hall enshrining Amida Nyorai.||1649|
|Hokkedō||Buddha hall enshrining Shaka Nyorai.||1649|
|Jōgyōdō Hokkedō Watarirō||Roofed corridor between Hokkedō and Watarirō.||1649|
|Jigendō Byōdō||Building enshrining the remains of the priest Tenkai.||Edo periodearly|
|Jigendō Haiden||Building for worshipping Jigendō.||1649|
|Jigendō Kyōzō||Storehouse for documents collected by the priest Tenkai.||Edo periodearly|
|Jigendō Shōrō||Belfry.||Edo periodearly|
|Jigendō Amidadō||Buddha hall enshrining Amida Nyorai.||Edo periodearly|
|Kodamadō||Buddha hall enshrining Kodama.||Edo periodearly|
|Gohōtendō||Buddha hall enshrining Bishamonten, Benzaiten and Daikokuten.||c. 1615–1623|
|Kannondō||Buddha hall enshrining Kanzeon Bosatsu (Avalokiteśvara Kṣitigarbha).||1685|
|Taiyuin Mausoleum (Taiyū-in Reibyō): Honden, Ainoma and Haiden||Honden: Building enshrining Taiyū-in, the deified image of Tokugawa Iemitsu.
Ainoma: Chamber connecting the Honden and Haiden.
Haiden: Worship hall.
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Karamon||Gate in front of the Taiyū-in Reibyō.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Mizugaki||Roofed wall enclosing the Taiyū-in Reibyō Honden and other structures.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Wakamon||Gate of the Taiyū-in Reibyō Mizugaki.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Gokūsho||Building used for preparing sacred food.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Gokūsho Watarirō||Roofed corridor between the Honden and Gokūsho.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Yashamon||Third gate.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Yashamon Sayū Kairō||Roofed corridors on both sides of the Yashamon.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Shōrō||Belfry.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Korō||Storehouse for drums.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Nitemmon||Second gate.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Saijō||Lavatory for ritual use.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Mizuya||Stone column building sheltering the water basin.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Hōko||Storehouse.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Niōmon||First gate.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Kōkamon||Gate at the entrance to the Taiyū-in Reibyō Oku-in.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Dōzutsumi Hōzō||Copper-plated storehouse.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Oku-in Hōtō||Building enshrining the remains of Tokugawa Iemitsu.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Oku-in Inukimon||Copper gate in front of the Hōtō.||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Oku-in Haiden||Worship hall||1653|
|Taiyū-in Reibyō Bettōsho Ryūkō-in||Management building for Taiyū-in.||Edo periodmid|
Shrines and Temples of Nikkō Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.