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South Neptune Island Lighthouse facts for kids

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South Neptune Island Lighthouse (current)
South Neptune Island Lighthouse, 1902

South Australia

Location Neptune Islands
South Australia
Australia
Coordinates 35°20′15.1″S 136°07′02.6″E / 35.337528°S 136.117389°E / -35.337528; 136.117389Coordinates: 35°20′15.1″S 136°07′02.6″E / 35.337528°S 136.117389°E / -35.337528; 136.117389
Year first constructed 1985
Automated 1990
Construction brick tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern removed in 1990
Markings / pattern unpainted tower, white lantern and balcony
Height 8 metres (26 ft)
Focal height 43 metres (141 ft)
Intensity 24,000 cd
Range 26 kilometres (16.2 mi)
Characteristic Fl( 3) W 20s.
Admiralty number K1872
NGA number 8692
ARLHS number AUS-202

South Neptune Island Lighthouse is a lighthouse on South Neptune Islands within the Neptune Islands, near the entrance to Spencer Gulf in South Australia.

History

It was first lit on 1 November 1901. During the 1980s, a new tower was built to replace the original tower which was relocated to Port Adelaide to become part of the collection of the South Australian Maritime Museum. The lighthouse was converted to automatic operation in the early 1990s.

The remains of the first lighthouse, along with the attached keepers' cottages, store, outbuildings, island reserve, stone fences, stone rainwater tanks, and grave sites have been listed on the South Australian Heritage Register since 15 December 1994. The site's significance is reported as follows:

This relatively intact lighthouse complex is significant for its association with South Australia's maritime history and the State's continuing dependence on shipping for transport of commodities in the early 20th century. The construction of the keepers' cottages as an attached row, rather than separate buildings, was not common in South Australia, and these remain as the only surviving example of such construction in the State. The lighthouse has since been returned to Port Adelaide (see registered place 10313), but the remaining buildings illustrate the isolation and self-sufficient lifestyle of one of the State's more isolated lightstations. (HSA 2/2000)

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