Spencer Street Bridge facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsSpencer Street Bridge
|Carries||Road, trams, pedestrians|
|Material||All steel superstructure|
|Total length||405 ft (123 m)|
|Width||80.6 ft (24.6 m) Roadway
12 ft (3.7 m) footways
|Height||28.5 ft (8.7 m)|
|Longest span||130 ft (40 m)|
|Number of spans||3|
|Piers in water||Concrete on cylindrical caissons faced with bluestone down to rock|
|Architect||Royal Victorian Institute of Architects
|Engineering design by||Mr W. D. Chapman|
|Constructed by||Railways Construction Branch|
|Construction begin||28 October 1927|
The Spencer Street Bridge is a road and tram bridge over the Yarra River in Melbourne, Australia. It connects Spencer Street on the north bank with Clarendon Street on the south. The idea of a bridge at this point was first put forward in the mid-1800s.
The design of the bridge was a public competition won by Messrs. Edward Saunders and Alan Wilson, engineers, in conjunction with Messrs. Alfred R. La Gerche and W. E. Gower, architects., the competition result being announced in November 1925 The first pile was driven in October 1927.
During construction engineers knew deep foundations would be required to find bedrock, but at 20 metres below sea level they struck a red gum stump that took three weeks work to remove. It was dated at about 8,000 years old and appears to have lived for well over 400 years. The cantilever girder type, with steel girder suspended span bridge was completed in 1930, with an adjacent glass and steel covered footbridge built alongside in 1998, as part of the Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre.
Spencer Street Bridge Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.