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Yarra River facts for kids

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Yarra River Pound Bend.JPG
The Yarra River through Pound Bend near Warrandyte.
Native name Berrern
Country Australia
State Victoria
Region South Eastern Highlands (IBRA), Central Victoria
LGA City of Hobsons Bay
City of Port Phillip
City of Melbourne
City of Yarra
City of Darebin
City of Boroondara
City of Banyule
City of Manningham
Shire of Nillumbik
Yarra Ranges Shire
City Melbourne
Physical characteristics
Main source Yarra Ranges, Great Dividing Range
within Yarra Ranges National Park
792 m (2,598 ft)
River mouth Hobsons Bay, Port Phillip
near the suburb of Port Melbourne
0 m (0 ft)
Length 242 km (150 mi)
  • Average rate:
    37 m3/s (1,300 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River system Port Phillip and Western Port catchment
Basin size 4,078 km2 (1,575 sq mi)50%
National park Yarra Ranges NP, Royal Botanic Gardens

The Yarra River is also known as the Yarra Yarra River, Aboriginal: Berrern, Birr-arrung, Bay-ray-rung, Birarang. Birrarung, and Wongete). The Yarra river is a perennial river in east-central Victoria, Australia. The river flows from its source in the Yarra Ranges 242 kilometres (150 mi) west through the Yarra Valley. The river opens out into plains as it winds its way through Greater Melbourne. It then empties into Hobsons Bay in northernmost Port Phillip.

The river was a major food source for indigenous Australians during prehistoric times. It also served as a meeting place during those times. The river was first called Birrarung by the Wurundjeri. The current name was translated wrong from another Wurundjeri term in the Boonwurrung language; Yarro-yarro, meaning "ever-flowing".

The river was used for agriculture by early European settlers. The landscape of the river has changed since 1835. The course of the river has been changed and widened in places. Widening and dams, like the Upper Yarra Reservoir have helped protect Melbourne from major flooding. Industrialisation led to the destruction of the marshlands at the joining of the Yarra and Maribyrnong Rivers in the area around Coode Island in West Melbourne. The yearly Moomba festival celebrates the Yarra River's meaning to Melbourne.

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