|Other names||2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid
|Molar mass||125.13 g mol-1|
|Density||1.734 g/cm3 (at −173.15 °C)|
305.11 °C, 578 K, 581 °F
|Acidity (pKa)||<0, 9.06|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)|
Taurine is an organic compound. It is up to 0.1% of total human body weight, and is a main constituent of bile. Taurine is essential for the heart, the skeletal muscles, the retina, and the nerves. The body makes it from the amino acid cysteine.
Taurine is in fish and meat. The daily intake is around 58 mg (range from 9 to 400 mg). It is low or negligible from a strict vegan diet. Taurine intake is generally less than 200 mg/day.
Taurine is used to make some "energy drinks". Many contain 1000 mg per serving, and some as much as 2000 mg.
Taurine Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.