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Temple Baptist Church – King Solomon Baptist Church facts for kids

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Temple Baptist Church / King Solomon Baptist Church
King Solomon Missionary Baptist Church Auditorium.jpg
Main Auditorium
Location Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan
Built 1917 / 1937
Architect J. Will Wilson / Unknown
Architectural style Tudor Revival / Art Deco
NRHP reference No. 15000159
Added to NRHP May 1, 2015
Third building of Temple Baptist Church, Redford township
Original Temple Baptist Buildling
Temple Baptist Church, Detroit Michigan, Second Building on Grand River Ave

Temple Baptist Church/King Solomon Baptist Church consists of two buildings at the intersection of Fourteenth Avenue and Marquette Avenue in Detroit, Michigan. The original church, which later became known as the Educational and Recreation Building, is a Tudor Revival structure built by architect J. Will Wilson in 1917, then remodeled and made into classrooms and office space by 1940. The second building, also known as the Main Auditorium, is an Art Deco building constructed in 1937 and remains largely unchanged. The buildings are now owned by King Solomon Missionary Baptist Church.

The church was first known as the Fourteenth Avenue Baptist Church when it opened in 1917; it was part of the Fourteenth Avenue Baptist Society, founded in 1892. In 1921 the Fourteenth Avenue Baptist Society merged with the Grand River Avenue Baptist Church; the combined church became Temple Baptist Church. The congregation consisted mostly of white southerners who had moved to Detroit seeking employment. In 1934 Temple Baptist Church invited leading fundamentalist Rev. J. Frank Norris to serve as pastor. J. Frank Norris simultaneously pastored his home church, First Baptist Church of Fort Worth Texas, flying himself between Fort Worth and Detroit in a small plane. In 1950, after internal feuding, George Beauchamp Vick became pastor, and remained so after the church moved to new location on Grand River Avenue, which is today the Straight Gate International Church. In 1968, the third building that Temple Baptist Church built opened in Redford Township at 23800 West Chicago. This building is now Detroit World Outreach. After the death of G Beauchamp Vick, Temple Baptist was pastored by first, A.V. Henderson and then by Truman Dollar until his death in the 1980s. Brad Powell was then called in as pastor in 1990 and the church changed its name to Northridge Church after it was relocated to Plymouth Michigan. Northridge has basically severed all ties to its history as Temple Baptist Church.

King Solomon Baptist Church, founded in 1926, purchased the Temple Baptist Church buildings in 1951. The Main Auditorium, with a capacity of over 5,000 people, was at the time the largest African American-owned auditorium in Detroit. The church was an important location to the Civil Rights Movement, as it was an early member of the Progressive National Baptist Convention and the site of that body's second annual conference. It served as the location of Malcolm X's 1963 "Message to the Grass Roots" address, one of his most influential speeches. Numerous guests, including Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph D. Abernathy, and Benjamin Mays, also gave talks there.

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