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Malcolm X
A 38-year-old man in a suit and tie smiles broadly. He wears glasses and has a microphone around his neck.
Malcolm X in March 1964
Malcolm Little

(1925-05-19)May 19, 1925
Died February 21, 1965(1965-02-21) (aged 39)
Cause of death Assassination (multiple gunshots)
Resting place Ferncliff Cemetery
Other names el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz (الحاجّ مالك الشباز)
Occupation Minister, activist
Organization Nation of Islam, Muslim Mosque, Inc., Organization of Afro-American Unity
Height 6 ft 3 in (191 cm)
Movement Black nationalism,
Spouse(s) Betty Shabazz (m. 1958)
Children Attallah Shabazz
Qubilah Shabazz
Ilyasah Shabazz
Gamilah Lumumba Shabazz
Malikah Shabazz
Malaak Shabazz
Parent(s) Earl Little,
Louise Helen Norton Little
Malcolm X Signature.svg

Malcolm X (May 19, 1925 - February 21, 1965) was an African American nationalist and civil rights activist. Before he became Malcolm X, his name was Malcolm Stuart Little. Malcolm X's father was a Baptist minister whose skin was very dark and his mother's skin was much lighter. His parents taught him to be proud of being black in an openly anti-black society.

In 1946, Little was put in prison for burglary and discovered the Nation of Islam while he was there.


Malcolm X NYWTS 4
Malcolm X, after his 1964 pilgrimage to Mecca

At first, Malcolm X's actions and speeches were mostly inspired by the beliefs and teachings of the Nation of Islam. He taught that all white people were bad. Once he learned that the leader of the Nation of Islam was in relationships with many women, he quit the group and changed his religion to Sunni Islam. He went on a pilgrimage to see the Islamic holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. At this point, his opinions of white people got better, and he began to believe that white people could be good people, too. Malcolm X believed that black people should fight for their civil rights in any way they could, even if they had to become violent. He also thought that black people should support one another by shopping in stores owned by black people. He was critical of the civil rights movement.


Malcolm X was shot dead in New York City after preaching about black rights. Three members of the Nation of Islam had a part in his murder.

Personal life

He had six children with Betty Shabazz. He had six grandchildren. Malcolm Shabazz was killed in May 2013. He also has two great grandchildren.

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