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Malcolm X Day
Malcolm X Day
Malcolm X
Observed by Berkeley, California, United States
Type Nationwide festivities
Local holiday (May 19)
Date May 19
2020 date May 15
2021 date May 21
2022 date May 20

Malcolm X Day is an American holiday in honor of Malcolm X that is celebrated on either May 19 (his birthday) or the third Friday of May. The commemoration of the civil rights leader has been proposed as an official state holiday in the U.S. state of Illinois in 2015 and Missouri as recent as 2019. As of present, only the city of Berkeley, California observes the holiday with city offices and schools closed.

History

The Malcolm X Day holiday has been an official holiday in the municipality of Berkeley, California since 1979. Since then, there have been multiple proposals for the holiday to be official elsewhere. Most recently in 2015, a proposal put forth by the Council of Islamic Organizations of Chicago to make the holiday official in the U.S. state of Illinois. The Illinois proposal differs from the Berkeley, California resolution in that the holiday would be observed May 19 instead of the third Friday in May. Before that, unsuccessful attempts were made in Atlanta, Georgia, and Washington, D.C., with numerous calls for it to be celebrated alongside Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a federal holiday. In 1993, this holiday was proposed at the federal level to Congress as H.J.R. #323 by Congressman Charles Rangel. In 2015, the Illinois Senate unanimously passed the resolution for the official holiday designation where the law "... officially designated 'May 19, 2015, and every May 19 thereafter' as Malcolm X Day. Though the resolution passed making the holiday official, the Illinois official list of holidays still has yet to reflect the holiday.

Observances by state

State Current local observances
California Holiday marked with an official event in San Jose and San Francisco. In Berkeley, California, there is currently a legal status on this holiday. This holiday has been in place since 1979.
District of Columbia Schools such as the Malcolm X Elementary School in Washington, D.C., mark this holiday through UPEACE, US's DCPEACE program. The first known celebration of Malcolm X Day took place in Washington, D.C., in 1971. Was once proposed as a holiday.
Florida Holiday marked with an official event in Jacksonville in the Historic Durkeville neighborhood. The events are marked with live performances and a parade.
Georgia Holiday marked with festival since 1989 in Atlanta's West End Park. Was once proposed as a holiday.
Illinois As of 2015, the holiday has a legal status in this state.
Minnesota Malcolm X Day is celebrated with the Malcolm X Conference in Minneapolis.
Missouri A house bill HB 172 was introduced to the state legislature for the observation of Malcolm X Day.
Nebraska Malcolm X Day was celebrated in Malcolm X's birth city of Omaha starting in 1968. The holiday was celebrated from 1968 until at least 1997, with official proclamations from the City of Omaha for several years.
New York Malcolm X Day is celebrated in the Harlem section of New York City with a music event.
Ohio Malcolm X Day is celebrated with the "Malcolm X Heritage Festival" in Columbus, Ohio.
Oregon Malcolm X Day is marked with a peaceful demonstration in Salem, Oregon.
Pennsylvania Malcolm X Day became significant after the Ferguson riots. Events are marked with community activities in Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, and other places.
Tennessee Malcolm X Day is celebrated in Nashville.
Texas Malcolm X Day is celebrated in San Antonio.
Washington Malcolm X Day is marked with a music festival at Umojafest.
Wisconsin Malcolm X Day is celebrated with a general public event with speakers in Milwaukee.

Origins

Malcolm X (/ˈmælkəm ˈɛks/) (born Malcolm Little; May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), and also known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz (Arabic: الحاجّ مالك الشباز), was an American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.

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