52nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom) facts for kids
Quick facts for kids52nd Infantry Brigade
Modern Insignia of 52 Infantry Brigade, symbolising its role as the main formation in the city of Edinburgh Garrison.
|Active||World War I
1914 - 1918
World War II
1939 - 1945
1982 - 2010
|Part of||3rd Infantry Division|
|Garrison/HQ||Redford Barracks, Edinburgh|
|Brigadier C.J. Lawrence MBE|
The 52nd Infantry Brigade was a formation in the British Army first formed in 1914 as part of Kitchener's Army. Disbanded in 1919, it was reformed in India during the Second World War, and again for service between 1982-2010.
First World War
It first formed in September 1914 as part of the 17th (Northern) Division, part of the K2 Army Group . It spent the whole war with the Division on the Western Front, until May 1919 when it was disbanded.
World War I Order of Battle
The following units served with the brigade.
- 10th (Service) Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers (left August 1917)
- 12th (Service) Battalion, Manchester Regiment
- 9th (Service) Battalion, Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)
- 9th (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers (until August 1917)
- 3/4th Battalion, Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) (joined 3 August 1917, disbanded by 20 February 1918)
- 52nd Machine Gun Company (joined 12 February 1916, left 24 February 1918)
- 52nd Trench Mortar Battery (formed by 15 June 1916)
Second World War
The Brigade was reformed in September 1943 as a training formation for jungle warfare replacements. It was redesignated as Headquarters Training Group on 1 August 1945, and then disbanded later, possibly in 1946.
World War Two Order of Battle
The following units served with the brigade.
- 20th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (from 15 November 1943)
- 7th Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment (from 20 November 1943)
- 12th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (from 1 January 1944)
- 8th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment (from 1 May 1945)
The most recent 52nd Infantry Brigade takes it designation from the 52nd Lowland Division, a first line division of the Territorial Force. The division was first deployed to Gallipoli during World War I, the sent to the Middle East, and finally moved to the Western Front in March 1918. In 1921 it reformed in the Territorial Army (T.A.).
Mobilised in 1939 for the Second World War it was deployed to France with the British Expeditionary Force, and was evacuated along with rest of the army from Dunkirk It was then trained in Britain as both an airlanding and a mountain division. However, it was deployed to mainland Europe finally in November 1944 as a conventional infantry formation and fought in North-Western Europe for the remainder of the war.
The Territorial Army was reformed in 1947 and re-raised the 51st/52nd Scottish Division which was in existence until the T.A. was disbanded and reorganised as the TAVR in 1967. In 1968 the Division was split into two brigade level districts based in the Highlands and Lowlands, with the Lowland District Headquarters in Hamilton, near Glasgow.
The Brigade was reformed in 1982 from that Lowland District, as the 52nd (Lowland) Brigade. As the 52nd Lowland Brigade it consisted of the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the 52nd Lowland Volunteers, as well as other TA units in the Scottish Lowlands.
The Brigade was retitled 52 Infantry Brigade on 1 April 2002, taking command of Regular Army units in Scotland and the North West of England and giving up its regional and TA responsibilities to 51 Scottish Brigade. This freed 52 Brigade to parent regular light role battalions for operational deployments. 52 Infantry Brigade was transferred to 3rd (UK) Division on 1 April 2007. The Brigade was only used once operationally, for a deployment to Afghanistan in 2007/08.
Operation Herrick VII
In November 2006, it was reported that Land Command planners had offered up HQ 52 Infantry Brigade, under the command of Brigadier Andrew Mackay for a November 2007 deployment to Afghanistan for Operation Herrick VII, and that the rotation plan 'was now awaiting final approval by government ministers.'|
In July 2007, the Ministry of Defence announced that 52 Brigade would provide the command element for the UK Task Force on Operation Herrick VII in Afghanistan. They served in Afghanistan between 7 September and 8 March, and were relieved in spring 2008 by 16 Air Assault Brigade. During the time that the Brigade were in Afghanistan, they successfully retook the strategic Taliban stronghold of Musa Qala. Brigadier MacKay subsequently received a CBE for his work.
Fatal Casualties Operation Herrick VII
- Major Alexis Roberts, 2nd Battalion Royal Gurkha Rifles, 04/10/2007
- Captain John McDermid, Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion Royal Regiment of Scotland, 18/11/2007
- Trooper Jack Sadler, Honourable Artillery Company, attached Brigade Reconnaissance Force, 04/12/2007
- Sergeant Lee Johnson, Yorkshire Regiment, 08/12/2007
- Corporal Darryl Gardiner, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, attached Brigade reconnaissance force, 20/01/2008
- Corporal Damian Lawrence, Yorkshire Regiment, 17/02/2008
- Corporal Sean Vivolino 36 Engineer Regiment
- Sapper Jake Alderton 36 Engineer Regiment
2007 Order of Battle
The Brigade in 2007 consisted of the Brigade HQ which was split between Redford Barracks and Edinburgh Castle and the following units:
- 52 Infantry Brigade Headquarters and Signal Squadron (258 Signal Squadron)
- 1st Battalion, The Rifles (Light Role Support Infantry Battalion) - Edinburgh
- 3rd Battalion, The Rifles (Light Role Infantry Battalion) - Redford Barracks
- 2nd Battalion, Royal Gurkha Rifles (Light Role Infantry Battalion) - Sir John Moore Barracks
- 2nd Battalion, Yorkshire Regiment (Light Role Infantry Battalion) - Weeton Barracks
- 2nd (Royal Highland Fusiliers) Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland (Light Role Infantry Battalion) - Edinburgh
On its return the Brigade returned to Regional tasks including being a Regional Training Centre and involvement in the Edinburgh Tattoo. The headquarters of 52 Infantry Brigade were located at Edinburgh's Redford Barracks, with some administrative functions located in the New Barrack Block at Edinburgh Castle. The unit no longer exists under Army 2020, and was disbanded in 2010.
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