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5th Dalai Lama facts for kids

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Ngawang Lobsang
Ngawang Lozang Gyatso
Religion Tibetan Buddhism
Born 1617
Lhoka Chingwar Taktse, Ü-Tsang, Tibet
Died 1682 (aged 64–65)
Lhasa, Tibet
  • Dudul Rabten (father)
  • Kunga Lhanzi (mother)
Senior posting
Title 5th Dalai Lama
Period in office 1642–1682
Predecessor Yonten Gyatso
Successor Tsangyang Gyatso
Tibetan name
Tibetan ངག་དབང་བློ་བཟང་རྒྱ་མཚོ་

Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso (Tibetan: ངག་དབང་བློ་བཟང་རྒྱ་མཚོ་, Wylie: Ngag-dbang blo-bzang rgya-mtsho; 1617–1682) was the 5th Dalai Lama and the first Dalai Lama to wield effective temporal and spiritual power over all Tibet. He is often referred to simply as the Great Fifth, being a key religious and temporal leader of Tibetan Buddhism and Tibet. Gyatso is credited with unifying all Tibet under the Ganden Phodrang after a Mongol military intervention which ended a protracted era of civil wars. As an independent head of state, he established relations with Qing Empire and other regional countries and also met early European explorers. Gyatso also wrote 24 volumes' worth of scholarly and religious works on a wide range of subjects.

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Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso para niños

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