AIDS facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Hiv budding
HIV virus going out of a cell
Red Ribbon
Red ribbon – the symbol of the fight against AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by a virus called HIV.

  • Acquired means that people are not born with the disease. They get it after being infected with the HIV virus.
  • Immune or Immuno- talks about the immune system. The immune system is the part of the body that fights off disease.
  • Deficiency means not enough. An immuno-deficiency is a problem where the immune system is damaged and cannot fight off diseases to keep the body healthy.
  • Syndrome is a collection of symptoms, or problems in the body. Because the immune system is damaged, and cannot fight off disease, people with AIDS get a collection of symptoms which is referred to as the "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome."

How many people have AIDS?

As of 2018, it is estimated that there are 39.7 million people worldwide infected with HIV. The HIV pandemic is most severe in Sub-Saharan Africa. Over 60% of all people with HIV live in the region.

Many people with HIV do not know they have it. Because of this, the exact number of people with HIV is unknown.


AIDS Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.