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Abbeville County Courthouse facts for kids

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Abbeville County Courthouse (South Carolina)
Abbeville County Courthouse (South Carolina)
Abbeville County Courthouse is located in South Carolina
Abbeville County Courthouse
Location in South Carolina
Abbeville County Courthouse is located in the United States
Abbeville County Courthouse
Location in the United States
Location Court Square, Abbeville, South Carolina
Built 1908
Architect William Augustus Edwards; builder: Frederic Minshall
Architectural style Beaux Arts
MPS Courthouses in South Carolina Designed by William Augustus Edwards TR
NRHP reference No. 81000706
Added to NRHP October 30, 1981

The Abbeville County Courthouse, built in 1908, is an historic courthouse located in the east corner of Court Square, in the city of Abbeville in Abbeville County, South Carolina. It was designed in the Beaux Arts style by Darlington native William Augustus Edwards who designed several other South Carolina courthouses as well as academic buildings at 12 institutions in Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. An arcade connects it to the adjoining Abbeville Opera House and Municipal Center, which Edwards also designed. In 1964, the courthouse was renovated by Lyles, Bissett, Carlisle, and Wolff of Columbia. On October 30, 1981, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. It is included in the Abbeville Historic District.


The current courthouse is the sixth courthouse to serve Abbeville County. The history of the previous courthouses is as follows:

  • 1st Courthouse - Wooden frame building, pulled down in 1825
  • 2nd Courthouse (c. 1825) - Two-story brick building demolished after discovery of workmen's fraud (kaolin used instead of lime in mortar)
  • 3rd Courthouse (c. 1829) - Designed by Robert Mills during his residency in Abbeville; found to be sinking & deemed unsafe
  • 4th Courthouse (c. 1853) - Destroyed by fire in 1872
  • 5th Courthouse (c. 1875) - Replaced by present structure in 1908


Located inside the central hallway is a portrait of John C. Calhoun, twice vice-president and longtime senator from South Carolina. Calhoun was born southwest of the town on his father's plantation. He practiced law for a short time on the county square. The courthouse is located on land that once housed the law firm in which Calhoun practiced early in his career.

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