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Abdullah al-Sallal
1st President of Yemen Arab Republic
In office
26 September 1962 – 5 November 1967
Prime Minister Himself
Abdul Latif Dayfallah
Abdul Rahman al-Iryani
Hassan al-Amri
Hamoud al-Gayifi
Hassan al-Amri
Ahmad Muhammad Numan
Hassan al-Amri
Preceded by Position established (Muhammad al-Badr As king and Imam Of Yemen)
Succeeded by Abdul Rahman al-Eryani
Prime Minister of Yemen Arab Republic
In office
28 September 1962 – 26 April 1963
President Himself
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Abdul Latif Dayfallah
In office
6 July 1965 – 21 July 1965
President Himself
Preceded by Ahmad Muhammad Numan
Succeeded by Hassan al-Amri
In office
18 September 1966 – 5 November 1967
President Himself
Preceded by Hassan al-Amri
Succeeded by Mohsin Ahmad al-Aini
Personal details
Born (1917-01-09)9 January 1917
Sanaa, Yemen Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died 5 March 1994(1994-03-05) (aged 77)
Sanaa, Yemen
Political party None (Military)
Military service
Allegiance  North Yemen 1962–1990
 Yemen 1990–1994
Branch/service North Yemeni Army
Rank Field Marshal

Abdullah al-Sallal (January 9, 1917 – March 5, 1994; Arabic: عبد الله السلال) was the leader of the North Yemeni Revolution of 1962. He served as the first President of the Yemen Arab Republic from 27 September 1962 to 5 November 1967.

Early life

Al-Sallal was born in the village of Sha'asan, Sanhan district. His father died when he was at a young age. Al-Sallal joined the only orphanage in Sanaa, known as the Orphan School, which later became famous for raising many of Yemen's greatest patriots and some of the most influential politicians of that era.

Though not a member of the social elite in Yemen, Al-Sallal was widely respected by the military community as a competent and brazen officer despite being the son of a butcher, a profession looked down upon prior to the revolution.

Political career

Abdullah al-Sallal in a military display March 1963
Abdullah al-Sallal in a military display March 1963

Al-Sallal led the revolutionary forces that deposed King Muhammad al-Badr and brought the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen to an end. He presided over the newly founded Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), with close ties to Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt which served as the YAR's strongest ally in the war against the Saudi Arabian-backed Mutawakkilite royalists that lasted into 1968. Yemen's President Abdullah al-Sallal negotiated with tribal leaders after the revolution to help cement the republic. He was later ousted in a bloodless coup led by Abdul Rahman Al-Iryani and exiled to Egypt, where he remained until President Ali Abdullah Saleh invited him to return in the early 1980s. Six different men held the position of Prime Minister under Al-Sallal, including Al-Sallal himself three times. He held both titles from the formation of the republic until 26 April 1963, when he appointed Abdul Latif Dayfallah, as well as briefly in 1965 and from 18 September 1966 until the end of his presidency. Abdul Rahman al-Eryani, al-Sallal's successor to the presidency in 1967, served as Prime Minister in 1963 and 1964. Hassan al-Amri held the post three times.

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