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Aleksander Warma
Warma ja rouva.jpg
Aleksander Warma (left) with his wife in the 1950s or the early 1960s.
Prime Minister in duties of the President
In office
March 29, 1963 – December 23, 1970
Preceded by August Rei
Succeeded by Tõnis Kint
Acting Prime Minister of Estonian Exile Government
In office
Minister of foreign Affairs of Estonian Exile Government
In office
Minister of Justice (acting) of Estonian Exile Government
In office
Personal details
Born June 22, 1890
Viinistu, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire
Died December 23, 1970 (1970-12-24) (aged 80)
Stockholm, Sweden
Spouse(s) 1918–1927 Anni Pulk, since 1931 Marta Alep
Alma mater Tallinn Teachers' Seminar
University of Tartu

Aleksander Warma VR I/3 (also Varma; 22 June [O.S. 10 June] 1890 – 23 December 1970) was an Estonian navy officer, diplomat and painter.


Aleksander Warma studied at marine schools of Käsmu and Narva, took a deep sea captain's exam in Riga. In 1920, he took the high school exams to the examination committee of the Tallinn Teachers' Seminar. 1920–1924 studied at the dept. of the law of Tartu University, graduated with the 1st-degree diploma, 1928 Master of Law. Member of Estonian Students' Society.

In World War I, he served in the Russian Baltic fleet. In Estonian War of Independence, he served in the Estonian Navy, was chief of staff of navy in 1919–1920. After the war was commander of a navy ship Mardus. In 1924–1926, he was assistant to the jurisconsult of the Ministry of War. In 1926 Warma retired as lieutenant commander.

In 1926–1927, Warma was Director of the legal bureau of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1927–1931 Director of the Administrative Dept. of Foreign Affairs, 1931–1933 Counsellor of the Estonian Legation in Moscow, 1933–1938 Consul-General in Leningrad (today St. Petersburg), 1938–1939 Estonian Envoy to Lithuania, 1939–1944 to Finland. 1953–1962 Warma was Minister of Foreign Affairs and Acting Minister of Justice, 1962–1963 Acting Prime Minister in duties of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Estonian Exile Government. Warma served as Prime Minister in duties of the President of the Republic of Estonia March 29. 1963 – December 23, 1970.

Since 1964 he was also Estonian diplomatical representative in Paris.

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