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Alfred Eliab Buck facts for kids

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Alfred Eliab Buck
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1871
Preceded by Francis W. Kellogg
Succeeded by Benjamin S. Turner
Personal details
Born (1832-02-07)February 7, 1832
Foxcroft, Maine
Died December 4, 1902(1902-12-04) (aged 70)
Tokyo, Japan
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
Political party Republican
Alma mater Waterville College
Nickname(s) "Boss Buck"

Alfred Eliab Buck (February 7, 1832 – December 4, 1902) was a U.S. Representative from Alabama.


Born in Foxcroft, Maine, Buck graduated from Waterville College (now Colby College) in 1859. During the Civil War he entered the Union Army as captain of Company C, Thirteenth Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry. He was appointed lieutenant colonel of the Ninety-first United States Colored Troops in August 1863, was transferred to the Fifty-first United States Colored Troops in October 1864, and was made brevetted colonel of Volunteers for gallant conduct. He was mustered out of the service at Baton Rouge, Louisiana, in June 1866. He then served as delegate to the constitutional convention of Alabama in 1867, and as clerk of the circuit court of Mobile County in 1867 and 1868.

Buck was elected as a Republican to the Forty-first Congress (March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1871). He was appointed president of the city council of Mobile in 1873. He served as clerk of the United States circuit and district courts in Atlanta, Georgia from 1874 to 1889. He was United States marshal for the northern district of Georgia 1889-1893.

In 1896, Buck was the leader of the Georgia Republican Party. Buck was the president of the Republican State Convention in late April and presided over the electing of delegates to the 1896 Republican National Convention. There was dispute over the delegates, which Buck attempted to preempt by passing a "harmony" slate of delegates outside of standard procedure. However, the slate did not include Emanuel K. Love's friend, Richard R. Wright, who many believed would be a delegate. The convention erupted in protest and a representative of Buck's attempted to adjourn the meeting and the Buck faction left the hall. The Love and Wright faction remained and Love took the chair, electing a new slate of delegates, now including Love (and Buck but still not Wright). Eventually Buck was a delegate and Wright attended as an alternate.

He was appointed Minister to Japan by President William McKinley in April 1897 and served until his death in Tokyo, Japan, on December 4, 1902. He was interred in Arlington National Cemetery.

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