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Alton, Texas
Location of Alton, Texas
Location of Alton, Texas
Hidalgo County Alton.svg
Coordinates: 26°17′4″N 98°18′21″W / 26.28444°N 98.30583°W / 26.28444; -98.30583Coordinates: 26°17′4″N 98°18′21″W / 26.28444°N 98.30583°W / 26.28444; -98.30583
Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County Hidalgo
Incorporated 1978
Area
 • Total 7.31 sq mi (18.94 km2)
 • Land 7.31 sq mi (18.93 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
161 ft (49 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 12,341
 • Estimate 
(2019)
18,105
 • Density 2,477.08/sq mi (956.46/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78573
Area code(s) 956
FIPS code 48-02212
GNIS feature ID 1329468

Alton is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 12,298 at the 2010 census and an estimated 19,509 in 2020.

History

Alton was founded around 1910 to 1911 by citizens and railroad officials of Alton, Illinois.

Geography

Alton is located at 26°17′4″N 98°18′21″W / 26.28444°N 98.30583°W / 26.28444; -98.30583 (26.284307, -98.305940). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 2,732
1990 3,069 12.3%
2000 4,384 42.8%
2010 12,341 181.5%
2019 (est.) 18,105 46.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

Alton is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,384 people, 1,059 households, and 988 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,075.5 people per square mile (802.2/km2). There were 1,175 housing units at an average density of 556.3 per square mile (215.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.33% White, 0.05% African American, 0.32% Native American, 19.02% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 97.90% of the population.

There were 1,059 households, out of which 58.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.7% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 6.7% were non-families. 6.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.14 and the average family size was 4.29.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 37.9% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 14.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,097, and the median income for a family was $23,563. Males had a median income of $18,487 versus $15,341 for females. The per capita income for the city was $6,230. About 38.7% of families and 42.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.9% of those under age 18 and 39.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Most of Alton is a part of the Mission Consolidated Independent School District. Small portions are within the Sharyland Independent School District and La Joya Independent School District.

Much of Alton was in the Alton Independent School District until January 27, 1975, when that district merged into Mission CISD.

In 2018 city manager Jorge Arcaute stated that some families moved to Alton specifically to put their children in the Mission CISD and Sharyland ISD schools.

All of Hidalgo County is in the service area of South Texas College.

Schools

Mission CISD operates the following elementary schools that serve sections of Alton:

  • Alton Elementary School – Alton
  • Arturo Cantu Elementary School – Alton
  • Raquel Cavazos Elementary School – Alton
  • Waitz Elementary School – Alton
  • Hurla M. Midkiff Elementary School – Palmhurst
  • Salinas Elementary School – annexed into the City of McAllen

Mission CISD operates Alton Memorial Junior High School, named in honor of the Mission CISD students who died in the 1989 bus crash, in Alton. Students zoned to Cantu, Cavazos, and Waitz elementaries are zoned to Alton Memorial, while those zoned to Alton Elementary, Midkiff, and Salinas are zoned to Rafael A. Cantu Junior High School in Palmhurst. Sections of Alton are zoned to Mission High School and Veterans Memorial High School in Mission.

There is a Mission CISD alternative high school: Mission Collegiate High School, in Alton. Sharyland ISD operates Jesse Jensen Elementary School in Alton. Sharyland ISD sections of Alton are zoned to Jensen, North Junior High School in McAllen, and Sharyland Pioneer High School in unincorporated Hidalgo County.

La Joya ISD operates Domingo Treviño Middle School in Alton. The sections of Alton in La Joya ISD are divided between:

  • Diaz/Villareal Elementary School and Kika de la Garza Elementary School
  • Treviño Middle and Memorial Middle School
  • Juarez-Lincoln High School and Palmview High School

In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community.

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