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Anton Semyonovich Makarenko
Makarenko.jpg
Born Антон Семенович Макаренко
(1888-01-13)13 January 1888
Belopolye, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 1 April 1939(1939-04-01) (aged 51)
Golitsyno, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Occupation Educator, writer
Language Russian
Citizenship Russian Empire, Soviet
Subject Educational theory, Pedagogy, Correctional education

Anton Semyonovich Makarenko (Russian: Анто́н Семёнович Мака́ренко, 13 January 1888 – 1 April 1939) was a Russian and Soviet educator, social worker and writer, the most influential educational theorist in the Soviet Union who promoted democratic ideas and principles in educational theory and practice. As one of the founders of Soviet pedagogy, he elaborated the theory and methodology of upbringing in self-governing child collectives and introduced the concept of productive labor into the educational system. Makarenko is often reckoned among the world's great educators, and his books have been published in many countries.

In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution he established self-supporting orphanages for street children — including juvenile delinquents — left orphaned by the Russian Civil War. Among these establishments were the Gorky Colony and later the Dzerzhinsky labor commune in Kharkiv, where the FED camera was produced. Makarenko wrote several books, of which The Pedagogical Poem (Педагогическая поэма), a fictionalized story of the Gorky Colony, was especially popular in the USSR. A 1955 Soviet movie with English title Road to Life was based on this book. He died under unclear circumstances in 1939.

In 1988 UNESCO considered Makarenko as one of four educators, along with John Dewey, Georg Kerschensteiner, and Maria Montessori, who determined the world's pedagogical thinking of the 20th century.

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