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April 2019 Spanish general election facts for kids

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April 2019 Spanish general election

← 2016 28 April 2019 2019 (Nov) →
13th Cortes Generales →

All 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies and 208 (of 266) seats in the Senate
176 seats needed for a majority in the Congress of Deputies
Opinion polls
Registered 36,898,883 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.0%
Turnout 26,478,140 (71.8%)
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5.3 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Pedro Sánchez 2019b (cropped).jpg Pablo Casado 2019b (cropped).jpg Albert Rivera 2019 (cropped).jpg
Leader Pedro Sánchez Pablo Casado Albert Rivera
Party PSOE PP Cs
Leader since 18 June 2017 21 July 2018 9 July 2006
Leader's seat Madrid Madrid Madrid
Last election 85 seats, 22.6% 135 seats, 32.6% 32 seats, 13.0%
Seats won 123 66 57
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg38 Red Arrow Down.svg69 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg25
Popular vote 7,513,142 4,373,653 4,155,665
Percentage 28.7% 16.7% 15.9%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6.1 pp Red Arrow Down.svg15.9 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.9 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Pablo Iglesias 2019 (cropped).jpg Santiago Abascal 2018d (cropped).jpg Oriol Junqueras 2016b (cropped).jpg
Leader Pablo Iglesias Santiago Abascal Oriol Junqueras
Party Unidas Podemos Vox ERC–Sobiranistes
Leader since 15 November 2014 20 September 2014 7 March 2019
Leader's seat Madrid Madrid Barcelona
Last election 71 seats, 21.2% 0 seats, 0.2% 9 seats, 2.6%
Seats won 42 24 15
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg29 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg24 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6
Popular vote 3,751,145 2,688,092 1,024,628
Percentage 14.3% 10.3% 3.9%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg6.9 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg10.1 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.3 pp

April 2019 Spanish election - Results.svg

Constituency results map for the Congress of Deputies

April 2019 Spanish election - AC results.svg

Autonomous community results map for the Congress of Deputies

Prime Minister before election

Pedro Sánchez

Prime Minister after election

No government formed
and fresh election called.
Pedro Sánchez remains
acting Prime Minister

The April 2019 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 28 April 2019, to elect the 13th Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain. All 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies were up for election, as well as 208 of 266 seats in the Senate.

With a turnout of 71.8%, the controlling party PSOE of Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez won a victory—the first for the party in a nationwide election in eleven years—with 28.7% of the vote and 123 seats. In the Senate, the PSOE became the largest party in the chamber for the first time since 1995, winning its first majority of seats in that chamber since the 1989 election.

However, no party won an outright majority and the top three winners of this race had the option for a coalition government. To prevent this, Prime Minister Sánchez ordered a new election to be held seven months later.


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