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Arkansas City, Arkansas facts for kids

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Arkansas City
Arkansas City Commercial District
Arkansas City Commercial District
Location of Arkansas City in Desha County, Arkansas.
Location of Arkansas City in Desha County, Arkansas.
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Desha
 • Total 0.49 sq mi (1.28 km2)
 • Land 0.49 sq mi (1.28 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
135 ft (41 m)
 • Total 376
 • Density 764.23/sq mi (294.89/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-01990
GNIS feature ID 0076190

Arkansas City is a town in Desha County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 366 at the 2010 census. The town is the county seat of Desha County. Arkansas City's historic Commercial District, located at Desoto Avenue and Sprague Street, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), all of it land. It sits entirely in the Delta Lowlands sub-region of the Arkansas Delta.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 503
1900 1,091
1910 1,485 36.1%
1920 1,482 −0.2%
1930 1,432 −3.4%
1940 1,446 1.0%
1950 1,018 −29.6%
1960 783 −23.1%
1970 615 −21.5%
1980 668 8.6%
1990 523 −21.7%
2000 589 12.6%
2010 366 −37.9%
2020 376 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 589 people, 231 households, and 161 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,232.2 people per square mile (473.8/km2). There were 279 housing units at an average density of 583.7 per square mile (224.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 55.01% White, 43.80% Black or African American, and 1.19% from two or more races. 3.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 231 households, out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 28.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $22,014, and the median income for a family was $27,500. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $17,188 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,523. About 25.3% of families and 31.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.6% of those under age 18 and 37.6% of those age 65 or over.


The McGehee School District serves Arkansas City.

Previously the Arkansas City School District served Arkansas City. The district had two schools, Arkansas City Elementary School and Arkansas City High School. In 2004 the Arkansas Legislature approved a law that forced school districts with fewer than 350 students apiece to consolidate with other districts. On July 1, 2004, the Arkansas City district merged into the McGehee district. After the acquisition, the McGehee district continued to operate the Arkansas City campus as a K-6 school. By October 2005 the district no longer operated the Arkansas City facility.

Notable person

  • John H. Johnson, founder of an international media and cosmetics empire that includes Ebony and Jet.

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