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Armagh, Pennsylvania
Borough
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Indiana
Settled 1792
Incorporated 1824
Government
 • Type Borough Council
Area
 • Total 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 122
 • Density 2,301.9/sq mi (888.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip code
15920

Armagh is a borough in Indiana County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The population was 122 at the 2010 census.

History

Armagh is the oldest community in Indiana County, having been founded in 1792 by eight families led by James and Margaret Jane Graham from the area now known as Northern Ireland. The community was named after the Irish city and county of Armagh, which was the hometown of some of the settlers. Its first school began in 1799, using a log cabin, and in 1805, it established the county's first post office.

Many of the original settlers were Presbyterian. The Wheatfield Presbyterian Church, later known simply as the Armagh Presbyterian Church, was started in 1786. The Rev. George Hill, its first minister, was installed in 1792, and was shared with churches in Fairfield and Donegal. In 1820 the congregation built a log church and in 1835-6 replaced it with a white frame church. Another Presbyterian church was built in 1905 in Seward, about 3 miles south. The two congregations merged in 1963. The Armagh church building was destroyed in 2004 after being hit by a truck.

The community became a borough on April 10, 1824, having previously been part of East Wheatfield Township. The borough was the birthplace of pioneer American labor leader William H. Sylvis in 1828.

Geography

Armagh PA Presby Ch PHS20
The old Armagh Presbyterian Church was destroyed in 2004, but the cemetery remains along Route 56

Armagh is located at 40°27′13″N 79°1′50″W / 40.45361°N 79.03056°W / 40.45361; -79.03056 (40.453549, -79.030500).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 152
1860 190 25.0%
1870 177 −6.8%
1880 123 −30.5%
1890 162 31.7%
1900 131 −19.1%
1910 82 −37.4%
1920 110 34.1%
1930 123 11.8%
1940 163 32.5%
1950 176 8.0%
1960 192 9.1%
1970 165 −14.1%
1980 133 −19.4%
1990 104 −21.8%
2000 131 26.0%
2010 122 −6.9%
Est. 2015 118 −3.3%
Sources:

As of the census of 2000, there were 131 people, 54 households, and 40 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,301.9 people per square mile (843.0/km²). There were 59 housing units at an average density of 1,036.7 per square mile (379.7/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 100.00% White.

There were 54 households, out of which 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no male present, and 24.1% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 18.3% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $31,806, and the median income for a family was $34,167. Males had a median income of $30,833 versus $24,167 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,309. There were 7.1% of families and 10.9% of the population living below the poverty line, including 20.0% of under eighteens and 6.9% of those over 64.

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