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BR Standard Class 8
No.71000 "Duke of Gloucester" hammering across the Somerset Levels on the Torbay Express
Power type Steam
Designer Robert Riddles
Builder BR Crewe Works
Build date April 1954
Total production 1
Configuration 4-6-2 (Pacific)
UIC classification 2′C1′h3
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Leading wheel diameter 3 ft 0 in (0.914 m)
Driver diameter 6 ft 2 in (1.880 m)
Trailing wheel diameter 3 ft 3 12 in (1.003 m)
Length 67 ft 8 in (20.62 m)
Width 9 ft 0 in (2.74 m)
Height 13 ft 0 12 in (3.98 m)
Axle load 22.00 long tons (24.64 short tons; 22.35 t)
Weight on drivers 66.00 long tons (73.92 short tons; 67.06 t)
Locomotive weight 101.25 long tons (113.40 short tons; 102.87 t)
Tender weight BR1E: 55.50 long tons (62.16 short tons; 56.39 t)
BR1J: 53.70 long tons (60.14 short tons; 54.56 t)
Tender type 1954–1958: BR1E
1958–1962: BR1J
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 10 long tons (11 short tons; 10 t)
Water capacity BR1E: 4,725 imp gal (21,480 l; 5,674 US gal)
BR1J: 4,325 imp gal (19,660 l; 5,194 US gal)
Boiler BR13
Boiler pressure 250 psi (1.72 MPa)
Fire grate area 48.6 sq ft (4.52 m2)
Heating surface: Tubes and flues 2,264 sq ft (210.3 m2)
Heating surface: Firebox 226 sq ft (21.0 m2)
Superheater area 677 sq ft (62.9 m2)
Cylinders Three
Cylinder size 18 in × 28 in (457 mm × 711 mm)
Tractive effort 39,080 lbf (173.84 kN)
Factor of adhesion 3.78
Power class 8P
Locale London Midland Region
Withdrawn December 1962
Disposition Preserved

The BR Standard Class 8 was a class of 4-6-2 Pacific steam locomotive made by Robert Riddles for use by British Railways. Only an example was made. It was named Duke of Gloucester. It was made at Crewe Works in 1954. It is known as the Duke. It was a replacement for the destroyed Princess Royal Class vehicle number 46202 Princess Anne. It was involved in the Harrow and Wealdstone rail disaster of 1952.

Gallery

Sound

  • 71000 passing St Andrew's Junction
  • 'British Railways standard 3 cylinder 4-6-2 express passenger steam locomotive No. 71000' (HMSO, British Transport Commission: London, 1957), p. [58] (Performance and efficiency tests, Bulletin No. 15)
  • 'British Railways standard class "8" locomotives' (Engineer: 1954, 197, 81)
  • 'B.R. class 8 4-6-2 locomotive No. 71000' (Locomotive, Railway Carriage and Wagon Review: 1954, 60)
  • 'British Railways prototype class '8" express passenger locomotive' (Railway Magazine: 1954, 100)
  • Clarke, David: Riddles Class 6/7 Standard Pacifics (Locomotives in Detail volume 5) (Ian Allan: Hinckley, 2006) ISBN: 0711031770
  • Herring, Peter: Classic British Steam Locomotives (Abbeydale Press: London, 2000) Section "BR Standard Class 8" ISBN: 1861470576
  • Hopkins, Danny and Streeter, Tony: 'The Duke's Bad Day' (Steam Railway Magazine: 2007, 338)
  • Langston, Keith: Made in Crewe: 150 Years of Engineering Excellence (Mortons Media: Horncastle, 2006), ISBN: 0955286808
  • Nock, O.S.: 'Performance and efficiency tests on B.R. class 8 locomotive' (Engineer: 1957, 204)
  • Gilbert, Dr. P. T. (Ed.): A Detailed History Of BR Standard Steam Locomotives. Volume 1. Background to Standardisation and Pacific Classes (Railway Correspondence & Travel Society (RCTS): 1994) ISBN: 0-901115-81-9

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