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Barton Hills, Michigan
Barton Hills Village
Walter Esch Village Hall on Barton Shore Drive
Walter Esch Village Hall on Barton Shore Drive
Official logo of Barton Hills, Michigan
Location within Washtenaw County
Location within Washtenaw County
Barton Hills, Michigan is located in Michigan
Barton Hills, Michigan
Barton Hills, Michigan
Location in Michigan
Country United States
State Michigan
County Washtenaw
Township Ann Arbor
Incorporated 1973
 • Type Board of Trustees
 • Total 0.76 sq mi (1.97 km2)
 • Land 0.76 sq mi (1.97 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
942 ft (287 m)
 • Total 294
 • Estimate 
 • Density 404.48/sq mi (156.13/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
48105 (Ann Arbor)
Area code(s) 734
FIPS code 26-05660
GNIS feature ID 2398044
Barton Pond Barton Hillls Michigan
Barton Pond
Maple-Foster Bridge Barton Hills Michigan
Maple/Foster wrought iron bridge

Barton Hills is a village in Washtenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 294. The village is located within Ann Arbor Charter Township just northwest of the city of Ann Arbor.

Originally established by Detroit Edison president Alex Dow on land acquired for the Barton Dam, Barton Hills was designed as an exclusive, forested residential enclave just outside Ann Arbor. In 1944, the community was sold to its residents, and a village was incorporated in 1973. The streets in the village were formerly owned by the Barton Hills Maintenance Corporation but were purchased by the village itself in 2010.


Located within Ann Arbor Charter Township and adjacent to the city of Ann Arbor, the community was originally named "Huron Farms" and was established by the Detroit Edison Company in 1913. The company acquired land on both sides of the Huron River and built a series of dams for electric power production. Land owned by the company was also used for agricultural purposes, including farms, dairy cattle, and fruit orchards. The area where the village is currently located was too hilly for farming and was instead promoted by company executive as an exclusive residential community for company executives. Membership in the Barton Hills Country Club was considered by many to be a mark of distinction. As homes were constructed in the 1920s, restrictions attached to each deed stipulated that the homes must be designed by a registered architect.

Barton Shore Drive Barton Hills Michigan
Barton Shore Drive

By the 1940s, through the economic and social turmoil of the Great Depression and World War II, the community had become an economic liability for a public utility. The company shareholders decided to make an outright gift of its holding to the residents of the community in exchange for assuming responsibility for maintaining the water system, roads, and other municipal services.

However, the community did not seek municipal status until some thirty years later. On December 12, 1973, the community became the first home rule village in Washtenaw County.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.75 square miles (1.94 km2), all land. Barton Hills sits on the north bank of Barton Pond, the impoundment of the Huron River, created by the Barton Dam, a low-head hydroelectric dam originally built by Detroit Edison.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 357
1990 320 −10.4%
2000 335 4.7%
2010 294 −12.2%
2019 (est.) 307 4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 294 people, 123 households, and 93 families residing in the village. The population density was 392.0 inhabitants per square mile (151.4/km2). There were 137 housing units at an average density of 182.7 per square mile (70.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 88.1% White, 1.0% African American, 6.8% Asian, 1.7% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8% of the population.

There were 123 households, of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.4% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.74.

The median age in the village was 53.7 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 10.2% were from 25 to 44; 37.3% were from 45 to 64; and 29.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Barton Hills (Míchigan) para niños

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