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Bay star-vine facts for kids

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Bay star-vine
Schisandra glabra, Starvine, native to Georgia but collected in Howard County, Md, Helen Lowe Metzman 2017-07-25-20.33 (24498004807).jpg
Schisandra glabra flower
Conservation status

Vulnerable (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Genus:
Schisandra
Species:
glabra
Synonyms
  • Schisandra coccinea Michx.
  • Stellandria glabra Brickell 1803
  • Schizandra coccinea Michx.

Schisandra glabra, the bay star-vine, is the only American species of this primarily Asian genus. It is native to the southeastern United States and northern Mexico. It grows in Louisiana, eastern Arkansas, southwestern Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, northwestern Florida, and Georgia, with isolated populations in Kentucky, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Hidalgo. Despite its wide range, it is considered a vulnerable species. Few populations are secure due to competition from invasive species (such as Japanese honeysuckle) and habitat loss.

Schisandra glabra is a trailing or twining woody vine sometimes climbing to a height of 20 m (67 feet) or more. Leaves are elliptic to cordate (heart-shaped), up to 13 cm (5.2 inches) long. The plant is monoecious, with staminate (male, pollen-producing) and pistillate (female, seed-producing) flowers separate on the same plant. Sepals are whitish, petals pink or red. Berries are red, spherical to ellipsoid, up to 15 mm (0.6 inches) long. It can be found in wooded bluffs, hillsides and ravines at elevations less than 500 m (1650 feet).

Some sources spell the name Schizandra, while others use the now-rejected name Stellandria. Schisandra is the accepted spelling.

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