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Bellows Falls Neighborhood Historic District facts for kids

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Bellows Falls Neighborhood Historic District
Meeting Waters YMCA, Bellows Falls VT.jpg
Old YMCA, Bellows Falls
Bellows Falls Neighborhood Historic District is located in Vermont
Bellows Falls Neighborhood Historic District
Location in Vermont
Bellows Falls Neighborhood Historic District is located in the United States
Bellows Falls Neighborhood Historic District
Location in the United States
Location Atkinson, Westminster, School, Hapgood Sts, Hapgood Pl., Burt St., Henry St., South St., Hadley St., Temple Pl., Bellows Falls, Vermont
Area 42.3 acres (17.1 ha) (original)
8.8 acres (3.6 ha) (increase)
Built by Multiple
Architect Buckman (20 South St.)
Architectural style Federal, Greek Revival
NRHP reference No. 01001477 (original)
07000403 (increase)
Quick facts for kids
Significant dates
Added to NRHP January 17, 2002
Boundary increase May 4, 2007

The Bellows Falls Neighborhood Historic District encompasses a residential area of the village Bellows Falls, Vermont. Located south of downtown Bellows Falls, the area has one of the largest concentrations of well-preserved 19th century residences in southern Vermont. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002, and enlarged in 2007.

Description and history

Bellows Falls is an incorporated village within the municipality of Rockingham in southeastern Vermont. It is located on the west bank of Connecticut River, and was the site at which that river was first bridged, in 1785. As a consequence, the village has since then been a transportation hub, as a nexus of water, road, and railroad routes formed there over the course of the 19th century. Industrial development grew in part due to the Bellows Falls Canal, which provided water power to a variety of industries. The village downtown grew immediately west of the canal and the primary industrial area, and its residential neighborhoods grew west and south of the downtown.

The residential historic district, when first designated in 2002, was a roughly 42-acre (17 ha) bounded on the north by School Street, the east by Westminster Street, and the west by Atkinson Street (United States Route 5), extending a short way west of Atkinson on Burt Street and Hapgood Place. In 2007 it was enlarged by about 9 acres (3.6 ha) to the southwest, extending that boundary south of Burt Street to Pine and Center Streets, and Old Terrace to the southeast.

This neighborhood area contains one of the best concentrations of pre-World War II residential architecture in southern Vermont. Most of the housing in this area is wood-frame construction, buildings typically containing one to three units. Most of the housing stock was built between about 1850 and 1920, when the village was economically at its peak, and represent a cross section of architectural styles of that period. The oldest buildings in the area date to the late 18th century. Institutional buildings include two schools, two churches, two fraternal meeting houses, a library, and a funeral home. More than 90% of the buildings in the district were built before 1950, a remarkably high concentration for districts of this size.

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