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Bovina, Texas
Community
Grain Elevator in Bovina
Grain Elevator in Bovina
Country  United States
State  Texas
County Parmer
Region Llano Estacado
Established 1899
Area
 • Total 1.2 sq mi (3 km2)
 • Land 1.2 sq mi (3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
4,068 ft (1,240 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,868
 • Density 1,560/sq mi (601/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79009
Area code 806

Bovina is a city in Parmer County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,868 at the 2010 census.

History

Originally, the community was the Hay Hook Line Camp of the XIT Ranch, and the ranch headquarters was one of the county's earliest buildings. When the Pecos and Northern Texas Railway was built through the ranch in 1898, a switch was placed at the site to be used by cowboys to unload cottonseed shipped in as feed. Some of this feed was invariably spilled along the tracks, causing XIT cattle to gather at the unfenced right-of-way. Often, they lay down, compelling railroad workers to get off their trains and prod them off the tracks. As a result, the site was labeled Bull Town, a name replaced by the more elegant Bovina when the post office was established on January 31, 1899.

Geography

Bovina is located at 34°30′49″N 102°52′59″W / 34.51361°N 102.88306°W / 34.51361; -102.88306.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 612
1960 1,029 68.1%
1970 1,428 38.8%
1980 1,499 5.0%
1990 1,549 3.3%
2000 1,874 21.0%
2010 1,868 −0.3%
Est. 2015 1,769 −5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,874 people, 567 households, and 467 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,161.0 people per square mile (831.7/km²). There were 612 housing units at an average density of 705.7 per square mile (271.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 48.67% White, 1.23% African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 46.32% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 72.20% of the population.

There were 567 households out of which 51.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.6% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.31 and the average family size was 3.72.

In the city, the population was spread out with 37.6% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,426, and the median income for a family was $29,602. Males had a median income of $25,417 versus $18,036 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,995. About 16.8% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.

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