Bulb facts for kids
- For the electrical device that produces light, see Lightbulb.
The bulb's leaf bases, also known as scales, generally do not support leaves, but contain food reserves to enable the plant to survive adverse conditions.
At the center of the bulb is a vegetative growing point or an unexpanded flowering shoot. The base is formed by a reduced stem, and plant growth occurs from this basal plate.
Roots emerge from the underside of the base, and new stems and leaves from the upper side.
Bulbous plant species cycle through vegetative and reproductive growth stages; the bulb grows to flowering size during the vegetative stage and the plant flowers during the reproductive stage.
Certain environmental conditions are needed to trigger the transition from one stage to the next, such as the shift from a cold winter to spring.
Once the flowering period is over, the plant enters a foliage period of about six weeks during which time the plant absorbs nutrients from the soil and energy from the sun for setting flowers for the next year.
Bulbs dug up before the foliage period is completed will not bloom the following year but then should flower normally in subsequent years.
Images for kids
Bulbils form in the leaf axils of Lilium lancifolium
"Tree onions" form clusters of small bulbs instead of flowers
In Spanish: Bulbo (botánica) para niños
Bulb Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.