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Bulls Gap Historic District
Bulls-Gap-Hist.-District.jpg
Bulls Gap Historic District, Bulls Gap, Tennessee; looking south
Location S. Main, Church, McGregor, Price and Mill Sts., Bulls Gap, Tennessee
Area 24 acres (9.7 ha)
Architectural style Bungalow/craftsman, Queen Anne
NRHP reference No. 87001232
Added to NRHP July 30, 1987

The Bulls Gap Historic District is located in the town of Bulls Gap in the southeastern corner of Hawkins County in East Tennessee. The town of Bulls Gap is located near a pass or "gap" in Bays Mountain.

Two major rail lines pass through the Town of Bulls Gap, one running in a northeast-southwest direction and the other in a northwest-southeast direction. The two lines are connected by a number of spur lines that form a triangular area. The commercial section of old Bulls Gap is centered along this triangular area of tracks.

The majority of the buildings in the district are located along South Main Street, a long winding road that runs primarily in a north-south direction. The northernmost end of South Main Street begins at U.S. Route 11E and Tennessee State Route 66 and continues downhill. The northern end of South Main Street is primarily residential and the residential section extends a short way beyond the bridge until the second major turn in the road. At this point the commercial area begins with several store buildings centered around the tracks and the site of the former train depot. After South Main Street crosses the tracks and Church Street, the district once again becomes residential.

Forty-eight buildings and eight structures are considered as contributing resources to the Bulls Gap Historic District. Contributing buildings include twenty-two residences, two churches, ten commercial buildings, and fourteen outbuildings. Contributing structures include three water towers, two bridges, and three outbuildings.

In 1792 John Bull, a gunsmith, received a North Carolina land grant for fifty-five acres of land on Bays Mountain near an important east-west passageway over the mountain. Bull operated a stageline through this passageway which became known as Bull's Gap. Little information is known about the early settlement of Bulls Gap.

Because of the important railroad line through the mountains, Bulls Gap became a strategically important location for both sides of the Civil War. Bulls Gap became a fortified town and between 1863 and 1865 many battles were fought to gain control of the town and its railroad. Throughout most of the war, the Union Army retained control of Bulls Gap and the railroad.

List of historic structures

Notable buildings in Bulls Gap National Historic District
Name Year Built Architectural Style Comments
Parley Quillen Residence
Bulls-Gap-105-Church-St
105 Church St., Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1880 Vernacular architecture
Marshall Residence
Bulls-Gap-Marshall-Residence
109 Church St., Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1895 Queen Anne
Methodist Church
Bulls-Gap-Methodist-Church
113 Church Street, Bulls Gap, TN
1931 Vernacular architecture
Southern Railway Water Tower
Bulls-Gap-Water-Tower
Church Street
c. 1910 Note large dentils circumscribed over door and near top
McCullough Residence
Bulls-Gap-McCullough-Residence
121 Church St., Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1870 Vernacular architecture Also known as J. W. Blackburn House
Miller House
Bulls-Gap-Miller-House
124 Church Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1920 Vernacular architecture Non-contributing
Residence
Bulls-Gap-125 Church St
125 Church St., Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1925 Vernacular architecture
Gilley Hotel
Bulls-Gap-Gilley-Hotel
161 South Main Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1895 Vernacular architecture Gilly Hotel is two stories, and is attached to the Smith Hotel, which is three stories
Old Guima Hotel
Bulls-Gap-Old-Guima-Hotel
100 South Main Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1856 Vernacular architecture Also known as Granny Feathers House; backside of building is 100 Church Street.
Smith Hotel
Bulls-Gap-Smith-House
South Main Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1880 Vernacular architecture Adjacent to Gilley Hotel, to the north
York Quillen Building
Bulls-Gap-York-Quillen
139 South Main Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1900 Vernacular architecture Now used as a museum and town hall
York Quillen Store
Bulls-Gap-York-Quillen-Store
141 South Main Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1880 Vernacular architecture
Myers Residence
Bulls-Gap-Myers-house
116 South Main Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1895 Queen Anne Cottage
Moody Residence
Bulls-Gap-Moody-house
110 Mill Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1900 American Craftsman
J. B. Willoughby Building
Bulls-Gap-Willoughby-Building
148 South Main Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1910 Vernacular commercial Also known as the Bulls Gap Citizen Union Bank
Willoughby Residence
Bulls-Gap-Willoughby-House
138 South Main Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1905 Queen Anne and Colonial Revival architecture Also known as Dr. W. Guy Justis House
McCollom House
Bulls-Gap-McCollom-House
132 South Main Street, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1895 Gothic and Greek Revial elements, Vernacular
First Baptist Church
Bulls-Gap-Baptist-Church
121 South Main St, Bulls Gap, TN
c. 1925 Vernacular Gothic architecture
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