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César Gaviria
César Gaviria, World Economic Forum on Latin America 2009 (cropped).jpg
7th Secretary General of the Organization of American States
In office
15 September 1994 (1994-09-15) – 15 September 2004 (2004-09-15)
Preceded by João Clemente Baena Soares
Succeeded by Miguel Ángel Rodríguez
28th President of Colombia
In office
7 August 1990 (1990-08-07) – 7 August 1994 (1994-08-07)
Preceded by Virgilio Barco Vargas
Succeeded by Ernesto Samper
Minister of Interior and Justice
In office
May 1987 – February 1989
President Virgilio Barco Vargas
Preceded by Fernando Cepeda Ulloa
Succeeded by Raúl Orejuela Bueno
57th Minister of Finance and Public Credit of Colombia
In office
7 August 1986 (1986-08-07) – 17 June 1987 (1987-06-17)
President Virgilio Barco Vargas
Preceded by Hugo Palacios Mejía
Succeeded by Luis Fernando Alarcón Mantilla
Member of the Chamber of Representatives of Colombia
In office
20 July 1974 (1974-07-20) – 20 July 1986 (1986-07-20)
Constituency Risaralda Department
President of the Chamber of Representatives of Colombia
In office
20 July 1984 (1984-07-20) – 20 July 1985 (1985-07-20)
Preceded by Hernando Gómez Otálora
Succeeded by Daniel Mazuera Gómez
Personal details
César Augusto Gaviria Trujillo

(1947-03-31) 31 March 1947 (age 76)
Pereira, Colombia
Nationality Colombian
Political party Liberal
  • Simón Gaviria Muñoz
  • María Paz Gaviria Muñoz
Alma mater University of the Andes (BEcon, 1969)
Occupation Economist

César Augusto Gaviria Trujillo (Spanish: [ˈsesaɾ awˈɣusto ɣaˈβiɾja tɾuˈxiʝo] ; born 31 March 1947) is a Colombian economist and politician who served as the President of Colombia from 1990 to 1994, Secretary General of the Organization of American States from 1994 to 2004 and National Director of the Colombian Liberal Party from 2005 to 2009. During his tenure as president, he summoned the Constituent Assembly of Colombia that enacted the Constitution of 1991.

Early life and education

Born in Pereira, the Gaviria family had been an important figure in Colombian politics and economy for over 30 years. César Gaviria is the distant cousin of José Narces Gaviria, the CEO of Bancolombia from 1988 to 1997. José N. Gaviria encouraged César Gaviria to run for the Congress of Colombia in early childhood. He was first elected to Congress in 1974. He served in Virgilio Barco's government, first as Minister of Finance and later as the Minister of the Interior.

As a student, Gaviria spent a year as an exchange student in the United States with AFS Intercultural Programs.

Before entering politics, he studied at the University of the Andes in the 1960s. He established AIESEC there, and then in 1968 was elected President of AIESEC in Colombia. This began his public service career.

Popular culture

  • Gaviria is portrayed by the Colombian actor Fabián Mendoza in the TV series Escobar, el Patrón del Mal.
  • In TV series Tres Caínes is portrayed by the Colombian actor Mario Ruiz as the character of Germán Giraldo.
  • In Narcos, a 2015 Netflix original series, Gaviria is portrayed by Mexican actor Raúl Méndez.
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