Juan Manuel Santos facts for kids
Juan Manuel Santos
|32nd President of Colombia|
7 August 2010 – 7 August 2018
|Vice President||Angelino Garzón
Germán Vargas Lleras
|Preceded by||Álvaro Uribe|
|Succeeded by||Iván Duque Márquez|
|Minister of National Defense|
19 July 2006 – 18 May 2009
|Preceded by||Camilo Ospina Bernal|
|Succeeded by||Freddy Padilla de León (acting)|
|Minister of Finance and Public Credit|
7 August 2000 – 7 August 2002
|President||Andrés Pastrana Arango|
|Preceded by||Juan Camilo Restrepo Salazar|
|Succeeded by||Roberto Junguito Bonnet|
|Minister of Foreign Trade|
18 November 1991 – 7 August 1994
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Daniel Mazuera Gómez|
|Presidential Designate of Colombia|
|Preceded by||Humberto De la Calle|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
Juan Manuel Santos Calderón
10 August 1951
|Political party||Liberal Party (Before 2005)
Social Party of National Unity (2005–present)
|Spouse(s)||Silvia Amaya Londoño (divorced)
María Clemencia Rodríguez Múnera (m. 1987)
|Residence||Casa de Nariño|
|Alma mater||University of Kansas
London School of Economics
|Awards||Nobel Peace Prize (2016)|
|Years of service||1967–1971|
An economist by profession and a journalist by trade, Santos is a member of the wealthy and influential Santos family, who from 1913 to 2007 were the majority shareholders of the newspaper El Tiempo until its sale in 2007.
He was a cadet at the Navy Academy in Cartagena. Shortly after graduating from the University of Kansas, he joined the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia as an economic advisor and delegate to the International Coffee Organization in London, where he also attended the London School of Economics.
In 1981, he was appointed deputy director of El Tiempo newspaper, becoming its director two years later. Santos earned a mid-career/master's in public administration in 1981 from Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and was a 1988 Nieman Fellow for his award-winning work as a columnist and reporter.
Santos was a Fulbright visiting fellow at Fletcher at Tufts University in 1981. Santos served as a member and Vice Chair of the Washington-based think tank the Inter-American Dialogue and was president of the Freedom of Expression Commission for the Inter American Press Association.
In 1991, he was appointed by President César Gaviria Trujillo as Colombia's first Minister of Foreign Trade. Santos worked in expanding international trade with Colombia, and worked in creating various agencies for this purpose. In 2000, he was appointed by President Andrés Pastrana Arango as the 64th Minister of Finance and Public Credit.
In 2006 Santos was appointed as Minister of National Defence, taking a strong and forceful stance against FARC and the other guerrilla groups operating in Colombia. Santos also created the Good Government Foundation.
On October 7, 2016, Santos was announced as recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, for his efforts negotiating a peace treaty with the FARC-guerilla in the country, despite the unsuccessful referendum held over the deal. The Colombian government and the FARC signed a revised peace deal on November 24. Both houses of Congress agreed on the revised peace accord on November 29–30, 2016, thus marking an end to the conflict. Juan Manuel Santos has been named as one of Time magazine's 100 most influential people.
He is 58 years old, and is from one of the most politically influential families of Colombia. He is married to Maria and has three children.
Images for kids
Santos and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton 2010
Juan Manuel Santos Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.