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Caldwell, Kansas
Location within Sumner County and Kansas
Location within Sumner County and Kansas
KDOT map of Sumner County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Sumner
Founded 1871
Incorporated 1879
Named for Alexander Caldwell
Area
 • Total 1.07 sq mi (2.77 km2)
 • Land 1.07 sq mi (2.77 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,145 ft (349 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,025
 • Density 958/sq mi (370.0/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67022
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-09900
GNIS ID 470089

Caldwell is a city in Sumner County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 1,025.

History

Stouffer's Railroad Map of Kansas 1915-1918 Sumner County
1915 Railroad Map of Sumner County

Caldwell was founded in 1871. It is named for Senator Alexander Caldwell. Caldwell was incorporated as a city in 1879. The first post office in Caldwell was established in May 1871. The Chisholm Trail ran along the east side of the community from 1867 to 1871.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a branch line north-south from Herington to Caldwell. This branch line connected Herington, Lost Springs, Lincolnville, Antelope, Marion, Aulne, Peabody, Elbing, Whitewater, Furley, Kechi, Wichita, Peck, Corbin, Wellington, Caldwell. This branch line was extended to Pond Creek, Oklahoma in 1888, and connected Caldwell, Renfrow, Medford, Jefferson (the original Pond Creek). By 1893, it was incrementally built to Fort Worth, Texas. This railroad foreclosed in 1891 and was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island."

Geography

Caldwell is located at 37°2′3″N 97°36′32″W / 37.03417°N 97.60889°W / 37.03417; -97.60889 (37.034077, -97.609022). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.09 square miles (2.82 km2), all of it land.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Caldwell has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,005
1890 1,642 63.4%
1900 1,574 −4.1%
1910 2,205 40.1%
1920 2,191 −0.6%
1930 2,046 −6.6%
1940 1,962 −4.1%
1950 2,000 1.9%
1960 1,788 −10.6%
1970 1,540 −13.9%
1980 1,401 −9.0%
1990 1,351 −3.6%
2000 1,284 −5.0%
2010 1,068 −16.8%
2020 1,025 −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,068 people, 495 households, and 277 families living in the city. The population density was 979.8 inhabitants per square mile (378.3/km2). There were 642 housing units at an average density of 589.0 per square mile (227.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.2% White, 0.8% African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 495 households, of which 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.0% were non-families. 40.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 47.1 years. 21.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.7% were from 25 to 44; 28.6% were from 45 to 64; and 24% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

Transportation

The Caldwell Municipal Airport is a city-owned public-use airport located one nautical mile (1.15 mi, 1.85 km) east of Caldwell's central business district.

Area attractions

Area events

  • Lighted Christmas Parade
  • Oktoberfest

Education

Caldwell KS Carnegie Library
Caldwell Carnegie Library (2020)

The community is served by Caldwell USD 360 public school district.

Notable people

  • Gladys Anderson Emerson, scientist, educator, and historian
  • Byron Berline, famous fiddle player
  • The Dinning Sisters, singers and recording artists
  • Max Showalter, film, television actor, musician

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Caldwell (Kansas) para niños

Black History Month on Kiddle
Distinguished African-American Artists:
Sharif Bey
Hale Woodruff
Richmond Barthé
Purvis Young
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