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Caledonia, Missouri
Village
Nickname(s): 
Caley
Location of Caledonia, Missouri
Location of Caledonia, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°45′48″N 90°46′22″W / 37.76333°N 90.77278°W / 37.76333; -90.77278Coordinates: 37°45′48″N 90°46′22″W / 37.76333°N 90.77278°W / 37.76333; -90.77278
Country United States
State Missouri
County Washington
Area
 • Total 0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)
 • Land 0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
919 ft (280 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 130
 • Estimate 
(2019)
127
 • Density 774.39/sq mi (299.29/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
63631
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-10432
GNIS feature ID 0749157

Caledonia is a village in southern Washington County, Missouri, United States. The population was 130 at the 2010 census. Caledonia is located 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Belgrade.

History

Caledonia was laid out in 1819. The village is named after the Roman Empire's Latin name for Scotland. A post office has been in operation at Caledonia since 1819.

The Caledonia Historic District, Land Archeological Site, Lost Creek Pictograph Archeological Site, and Harrison Queen House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Caledonia is located at 37°45′48″N 90°46′20″W / 37.76333°N 90.77222°W / 37.76333; -90.77222 (37.763368, -90.772212).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 236
1900 166
1910 128 −22.9%
1920 133 3.9%
1930 143 7.5%
1940 139 −2.8%
1950 143 2.9%
1960 119 −16.8%
1970 113 −5.0%
1980 162 43.4%
1990 142 −12.3%
2000 158 11.3%
2010 130 −17.7%
2019 (est.) 127 −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 130 people, 58 households, and 39 families living in the village. The population density was 812.5 inhabitants per square mile (313.7/km2). There were 76 housing units at an average density of 475.0 per square mile (183.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 100.0% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 58 households, of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 3.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.8% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.72.

The median age in the village was 46 years. 17.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 30% were from 45 to 64; and 21.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 53.1% male and 46.9% female.

Nearest Airport

Washington County Airport, Airport Road, Mineral Point, Missouri 63660

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