Washington County, Missouri facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Washington County, Missouri
Map
Map of Missouri highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded August 21, 1813
Seat Potosi
Largest City Potosi
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

762 sq mi (1,974 km²)
760 sq mi (1,968 km²)
2.6 sq mi (7 km²), 0.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

24,788
33/sq mi (13/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.washingtoncountymo.us/
Named for: George Washington

Washington County is a county located in the eastern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,195. The largest city and county seat is Potosi. The county was officially organized on August 21, 1813, and was named in honor of George Washington, the first President of the United States.

History

The French explorers Renault and La Motte entered the area of present-day Potosi in 1722-23. However, no permanent settlements were made until 1763, when François Breton settled near Potosi and began to operate a mine bearing his name. The Bellview Valley, near Caledonia and Belgrade, was settled in 1802 by the families of Annanias McCoy, Benjamin Crow, and Robert Reed. Washington County was officially organized on August 21, 1813, out of Ste. Genevieve County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 762 square miles (1,970 km2), of which 760 square miles (2,000 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,769
1830 6,784 145.0%
1840 7,213 6.3%
1850 8,811 22.2%
1860 9,723 10.4%
1870 11,719 20.5%
1880 12,896 10.0%
1890 13,153 2.0%
1900 14,263 8.4%
1910 13,378 −6.2%
1920 13,803 3.2%
1930 14,450 4.7%
1940 17,492 21.1%
1950 14,689 −16.0%
1960 14,346 −2.3%
1970 15,086 5.2%
1980 17,983 19.2%
1990 20,380 13.3%
2000 23,344 14.5%
2010 25,195 7.9%
Est. 2015 24,788 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015
Largest ancestries (2000) Percent
American United States 19.8%
French France Drapeau Franco-Américain.svg 15.6%
German Germany 10.4%
Irish Republic of Ireland 9.6%
English England 5.9%

As of the census of 2000, there were 23,344 people, 8,406 households, and 6,237 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 9,894 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.47% White, 2.48% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Approximately 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,406 households out of which 36.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 106.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,001, and the median income for a family was $38,193. Males had a median income of $27,871 versus $18,206 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,095. About 17.10% of families and 20.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.40% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or older.

Religion

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2000), Washington County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Washington County who adhere to a religion are Roman Catholics (36.73%), Southern Baptists (21.74%), and Baptist Missionary Association of America (16.86%).

Attractions

  • Big River Access - Belgrade
  • Council Bluff Lake - Belgrade
  • Berryman Camp & Trail National Forest - Berryman
  • Bootleg Park - Caledonia
  • Buford Mountain - Caledonia
  • Hughes Mountain Natural Area - Irondale
  • Bismarck Conservation Area - Bismarck
  • Little Indian Creek Conservation Area - Sullivan
  • Pea Ridge Conservation Area - Sullivan
  • YMCA of the Ozarks - Shirley

Transportation

Primary state highways

  • Route 8. Hopewell-Potosi
  • Route 21. Cadet-Potosi-Caledonia
  • Route 32. Caledonia-Bismarck
  • Route 47. Lonedell-Richwoods-Blackwell
  • Route 104. Blackwell
  • Route 185. Sullivan-Ebo-Potosi

Secondary state highways

  • State Route A. Richwoods-Sullivan
  • State Route AA. Shirley
  • State Route BB. Belgrade
  • State Route C. Belgrade-Viburnum
  • State Route CC. Blackwell
  • State Route DD. Belgrade
  • State Route E. Potosi-Cadet-Blackwell
  • State Route EE. Sullivan
  • State Route F. Potosi
  • State Route H. Richwoods-Fletcher
  • State Route JJ. Belgrade
  • State Route M. Irondale
  • State Route N. Sullivan
  • State Route o. Mineral Point
  • State Route P. Belgrade-Potosi
  • State Route T. Richwoods
  • State Route U. Irondale-Mineral Point
  • State Route W. Bourbon
  • State Route WW. Fletcher
  • State Route N. Bourbon
  • State Route Y. Viburnum-Belgrade-Berryman
  • State Route Z. Belgrade

Airports

  • Washington County Airport

Railroads

  • Union Pacific Railroad

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

  • Baughertown
  • Belgrade
  • Bellview
  • Blackwell
  • Breton
  • Concord
  • Fletcher
  • Harmony
  • Johnson
  • Kingston
  • Liberty
  • Richwoods
  • Union
  • Walton

Washington County, Missouri Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.