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Caledonia, Ohio
Town hall on the public square
Town hall on the public square
Location of Caledonia, Ohio
Location of Caledonia, Ohio
Location of Caledonia in Marion County
Location of Caledonia in Marion County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Marion
Township Claridon
 • Total 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
 • Land 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
994 ft (303 m)
 • Total 577
 • Estimate 
 • Density 2,411.26/sq mi (929.77/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 419
FIPS code 39-10954
GNIS feature ID 1056754

Caledonia is a village in Marion County, Ohio, United States. The population was 577 at the 2010 census.


The village was named after Caledonia, an ancient name for Scotland, the ancestral home of a large share of the first settlers.

The northern side of Caledonia is the location of the Caledonia Bowstring Bridge, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Caledonia is located at 40°38′10″N 82°58′9″W / 40.63611°N 82.96917°W / 40.63611; -82.96917 (40.636068, -82.969301).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 419
1880 627 49.6%
1890 757 20.7%
1900 682 −9.9%
1910 562 −17.6%
1920 492 −12.5%
1930 526 6.9%
1940 629 19.6%
1950 655 4.1%
1960 673 2.7%
1970 792 17.7%
1980 759 −4.2%
1990 644 −15.2%
2000 578 −10.2%
2010 577 −0.2%
2019 (est.) 557 −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 577 people, 232 households, and 174 families living in the village. The population density was 2,508.7 inhabitants per square mile (968.6/km2). There were 260 housing units at an average density of 1,130.4 per square mile (436.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.4% White, 1.6% African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 0.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.

There were 232 households, of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.0% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the village was 40.2 years. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26% were from 25 to 44; 27.2% were from 45 to 64; and 16.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.


River Valley Local School District operates two elementary schools, one middle school, and River Valley High School.

Caledonia has a public library, a branch of Marion Public Library.

Notable people

  • Warren G. Harding was a resident of Caledonia during his childhood, and worked for a brief period of time at the community newspaper, The Argus.
  • Sherwood Anderson spent several years of his childhood in Caledonia, where his father worked as a harness-maker. Anderson based elements of his 1926 semi-autobiographical novel ' on his time in Caledonia.
  • Daniel Richard Crissinger was educated in Caledonia and served as chairman of the Federal Reserve Board between 1923 and 1927.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Caledonia (Ohio) para niños

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