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Calvin Coolidge House
Calvin Coolidge House, September 2012
Calvin Coolidge House is located in Massachusetts
Calvin Coolidge House
Location in Massachusetts
Calvin Coolidge House is located in the United States
Calvin Coolidge House
Location in the United States
Location 19-21 Massasoit St.,
Northampton, Massachusetts
Area less than one acre
Built 1900-1901
Architect J.W. O'Brian
NRHP reference No. 76000262
Added to NRHP December 12, 1976

The Calvin Coolidge House is a historic house located at 19-21 Massasoit Street in Northampton, Massachusetts. Built in 1901, it is most historically significant as the home of President of the United States Calvin Coolidge between 1906 and 1930, the height of his political career. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 12, 1976.

Description and history

The Calvin Coolidge House is located in a quiet residential area west of downtown Northampton, on the east side of Massasoit Street near its junction with Arlington Street. It is an architecturally undistinguished 2-1/2 story two-family wood-frame structure, with a hip roof and clapboarded exterior. Stylistically it is basically Colonial Revival, with projecting sections to the rear of each unit, and different porch treatments on each side. The Coolidge unit, on the left, has a gable-roofed porch supported by round columns, extending partly in front of a project polygonal bay window. The interior also has some Colonial Revival features, including a fireplace in the front parlor with flanking Doric pilasters.

The house was built in 1900-01 by J.W. O'Brian, and its left side was rented in 1905 by Calvin Coolidge. The Coolidges occupied that unit until 1930. This period of occupancy coincides with Coolidge's political rise from city council to Governor of Massachusetts, then Vice President and President. In 1930, Coolidge moved to "The Beeches" at 16 Hampton Terrace in Northampton, a move he said was necessitated by the increasing number of tourists coming to this address and the attendant lack of privacy. This property is one of the most unusual of those occupied by a US president on a long-term basis, in that he did not own it, and that it was a duplex.

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