Cap-des-Rosiers Lighthouse facts for kids
|Year first constructed||1858|
|Foundation||stone, up to 8' deep|
|Construction||limestone tower, faced with white marble|
|Tower shape||cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||white tower, red lantern and trim|
|Height||34.1 metres (112 ft)|
|Original lens||first-order fresnel lens|
|Current lens||first-order fresnel lens|
|Range||24 nautical miles (44 km; 28 mi)|
|Characteristic||Oc W Flash 15 s; eclipse 5 s. Year round|
|CHS number||CCG 1621|
It was classified as a National Historic Site of Canada on June 11, 1973. It was listed as a on March 31, 1994.
The Cap-des-Rosiers Lighthouse is the tallest lighthouse in Canada, standing 34.1 metres (112 ft) tall. It is situated on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River at the top of a steep cliff. It is located at the mouth of the river, where it flows into the Gulf of St. Lawrence. It is open for tours in the summer season.
Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada
The Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada installed a plaque at the base of the lighthouse in 1977, with inscriptions in French and English, which reads (in English):
Built in 1858, this lighthouse is one of a series of tall, tapering towers erected on the Gulf of St. Lawrence and on Lake Huron by the Department of Public Works. The 112 foot structure is the tallest lighthouse in Canada; its stone tower faced with firebrick has walls over seven feet thick at the base, tapering to three feet at the top, with foundations extending to eight feet beneath the surface. Originally a dwelling was attached to the tower. A powerful light 136 feet above high water served as a major coastal aid for shipping headed int the estuary of the St. Lawrence from the Gulf.
- Eugène Trudeau 1856-1867
- Auguste Trudeau 1867-1886
- Jean B. Vien 1886-1890
- Eugène Costin 1890-1915
- P. E. Theriault 1915-1920
- J. Napoléon Côté 1920-1927
- J. Ferguson 1927-1931
- J. Napoléon Côté 1931-1935
- Joseph Ferguson 1935-1951
- Joseph-Narcisse Rioux 1951-1970
- Yves Packwood 1970-1971
- Owen Gleeton 1971-1972
- Paul-Roger Caron 1972-1978
- Yvon Élément 1978-1981
- Cap-des-Rosiers Lighthouse
The light source is now an electric discharge lamp. This is an occulting light, a rhythmic light in which the duration of light in each period is longer than the total duration of darkness, accomplished by this vertical rotating shutter which periodically shades the light from view. In this case, the light shines for 15 seconds, and eclipses (goes dark) for 5 seconds, and repeats.
Images for kids
Cap-des-Rosiers Lighthouse Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.