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Carroll, Iowa
Carroll, IA.jpg
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Location of Carroll, Iowa
Location of Carroll, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°4′10″N 94°51′59″W / 42.06944°N 94.86639°W / 42.06944; -94.86639Coordinates: 42°4′10″N 94°51′59″W / 42.06944°N 94.86639°W / 42.06944; -94.86639
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Carroll
Area
 • Total 5.73 sq mi (14.84 km2)
 • Land 5.73 sq mi (14.84 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,270 ft (387 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 10,321
 • Density 1,801.22/sq mi (695.49/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
51401
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-11080
GNIS feature ID 0455182

Carroll is a city in, and the county seat of, Carroll County, Iowa, United States, along the Middle Raccoon River. The population was 10,321 in the 2020 census.

History

Carroll was laid out in 1867. It took its name from Carroll County, named in honor of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Maryland. He was the only Roman Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence.

In 1869, the centrally located railroad town of Carroll City was selected as the county seat, replacing, with some protest, Carrollton. Later a $4,000 courthouse was constructed on the town square. This building was used until it burned to the ground in 1886. The vaults and records were undamaged, however, and moved to temporary housing in the Joyce Building and Drees' Music Hall.

The following winter a $40,000 bond issue was approved toward the construction of a new, permanent courthouse. The impressive building was built on the northwest corner of the square (the parking lot of the current courthouse). The stone and brick building, complete with a clock tower, was used for more than three-quarters of a century. It was replaced by a modern-looking building in 1965.

A $750,000 bond issue was used to construct and equip the new courthouse. This building was officially dedicated on September 24, 1966. The highlight of the dedication ceremony was the opening of the boxes sealed in the cornerstone of the old courthouse. The bell from the previous courthouse clock tower sits on the courthouse grounds. Source: Marie Hackett, Curator of the Carroll County Historical Museum, 1991

Geography

Carroll is located at 42°4′10″N 94°51′59″W / 42.06944°N 94.86639°W / 42.06944; -94.86639 (42.069544, -94.866361).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.69 square miles (14.74 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 384
1880 1,385 260.7%
1890 2,448 76.8%
1900 2,882 17.7%
1910 3,546 23.0%
1920 4,254 20.0%
1930 4,691 10.3%
1940 5,389 14.9%
1950 6,231 15.6%
1960 7,682 23.3%
1970 8,716 13.5%
1980 9,705 11.3%
1990 9,579 −1.3%
2000 10,106 5.5%
2010 10,103 0.0%
2020 10,321 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
CarrollIowaPopPlot
The population of Carroll, Iowa from US census data

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 10,103 people, 4,357 households, and 2,605 families living in the city. The population density was 1,775.6 inhabitants per square mile (685.6/km2). There were 4,698 housing units at an average density of 825.7 per square mile (318.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.0% White, 0.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4%.

Of the 4,357 households 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.2% were non-families. 35.5% of households were one person and 16.7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age was 42 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.7% were from 45 to 64; and 19.7% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

Tourism

  • Carroll Family Aquatic Center
  • Sauk Rail Trail
  • Santa Maria Vineyard & Winery
  • Municipal Golf Course
  • Skate Park
  • Carroll Stadium
  • Swan Lake State Park
  • Merchants Stadium

Education

The public school district is the Carroll Community School District.

The area Catholic private school is the Kuemper Catholic School System, which includes Kuemper Catholic High School.

Notable people

  • Joel Bolger, former Chief Justice of the Alaska Supreme Court
  • Adam Haluska, professional basketball player
  • Ken Henderson (born 1946) Major League Baseball player from 1965–1980
  • Mary Lundby (1948–2009) Former Iowa State Senator District 18
  • Matthew McDermott, Associate Justice of the Iowa Supreme Court
  • Tony Bernard Mosman (1886–1985), painter
  • Nick Nurse, head basketball coach for the Toronto Raptors, and 2019 NBA Champion
  • Everett Rogers communication scholar
  • Joe Slade White, Democratic media consultant
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