Chepstow War Memorial facts for kids
Chepstow War Memorial, in Beaufort Square, Chepstow, Wales, commemorates the men of the town who died in the First and Second World Wars. It was designed by Eric Francis, a locally-born architect. The memorial's Neoclassical design is uncommon. The memorial site also includes a German Naval deck gun, donated to the town by George V in commemoration of the posthumous award of a Victoria Cross to Able Seaman William Charles Williams, who grew up in Chepstow and was killed at Gallipoli. Chepstow War Memorial was designated a Grade II listed structure in 1975.
The loss of life during the First World War brought about a national response through the construction of an unprecedented number of war memorials to commemorate the dead. Within Wales, which saw the loss of some 35,000 soldiers, memorials were established in many towns and cities during the 1920s.
Chepstow's memorial was designed by Eric Francis, the son of a Chepstow solicitor, who trained under Guy Dawber and Detmar Blow. It comprises a two-stage stone column, topped by a stone urn, all resting on a stone plinth with two deep steps. Each of the two stages has sunken panels on all four sides, and a cornice above which has stone orbs at the corners. The design is Neoclassical, an uncommon style for war memorials of this age and type. John Newman, in his Monmouthshire volume of The Buildings of Wales, describes the memorial as "the pivotal feature of Beaufort Square" and notes its "eighteenth century idiom". On the lower stage of the column, the sunken panel on the southwest face carries an inscription, "THEY / SHALL RISE / AGAIN / IN GREATER / GLORY", while the other three faces have metal plaques recording the names of the dead, two with those who died in the First World War, and one with those who died in the Second. The northeast side of the plinth bears the inscription "Their name liveth for evermore".
The memorial is now enclosed with a set of railings constructed in the 1980s by members of the Army Apprentices College based at Beachley Barracks.
Beside the stone column, a deck gun from the German U-boat, SM UB-91, forms part of the memorial. The gun was donated to the town by George V, in recognition of the Victoria Cross awarded to Able Seaman William Charles Williams, who had lived in Chepstow.
Chepstow War Memorial Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.