kids encyclopedia robot

Chowan County Courthouse facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Chowan County Courthouse
Chowan County Courthouse.JPG
Main façade of Chowan County Courthouse
Chowan County Courthouse is located in North Carolina
Chowan County Courthouse
Location in North Carolina
Chowan County Courthouse is located in the United States
Chowan County Courthouse
Location in the United States
Location 101 S Broad St.,
Edenton, North Carolina
Built 1767
Architectural style Georgian
NRHP reference No. 70000447
Quick facts for kids
Significant dates
Added to NRHP April 15, 1970
Designated NHL April 15, 1970

The Chowan County Courthouse is a historic courthouse in Edenton, the county seat of Chowan County, North Carolina. Built in 1767, it is one of the finest examples of public Georgian architecture in the American South. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970.

Description and history

The old Chowan County Courthouse is located in downtown Edenton, at the northwest corner of East King and Court Streets. It is separated from the city waterfront by a one-block park. It is a two-story, T-shaped Georgian style building. It has a one-story semicircular apse at its center rear and features a two-stage wooden cupola with ogival roof surmounted by a tall-weathervane. The interior has a large courtroom on the ground floor, and a ballroom on the second. The building has seen only relatively modest alterations.

Edenton was settled in 1658 and incorporated in 1712, and is counted as the first permanent European settlement in North Carolina. Its first courthouse, built in 1719, was also the seat of the colonial assembly, and was located on the land of the park. This courthouse was commissioned to be built in 1766, and completed in 1767, and its design has been attributed to Gilbert Leigh, who was living in Edenton at the time of its construction. It has also been attributed to John Hawks, who designed Tryon Palace in New Bern, was active in North Carolina at the time. It is the oldest courthouse building in North Carolina.

The courthouse is one of several sites of Historic Edenton. Other historic sites open for tour include the James Iredell House, Roanoke River Light, Barker House, Cupola House and St. Paul's Church.

See also

kids search engine
Chowan County Courthouse Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.