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Clark Thread Company Historic District facts for kids

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Clark Thread Company Historic District
Clark-thread-co.jpg
Location 900 Passaic Avenue, East Newark, New Jersey, USA
Area 13 acres (5.3 ha)
Built 1875 (1875)
NRHP reference No. 78001764
Quick facts for kids
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 2, 1978
Designated NHLD June 2, 1978

The Clark Thread Company Historic District, located at 900 Passaic Avenue, East Newark, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, is a large mill complex. Begun in 1875, it was a major manufacturing site of the Clark Thread Company, the world's leading manufacturer of sewing thread, until 1935. The complex was designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1978 for this association. It now functions as an industrial park housing a diversity of businesses.

Description and history

The former Clark Thread Company facilities lie overlooking the Passaic River in East Newark, covering an area of about 13 acres (5.3 ha) bounded by Passaic, Grant, and Central Avenues, and a railroad right-of-way that parallels Johnston Avenue. There are 35 buildings on the site, built between 1875 and 1910. Most are of brick construction, the most prominent ones being large four-story mills with rows of segmented-arch windows.

The Clark Company was founded in 1864 by George and William Clark, the sons of Scottish thread manufacturer James Clark, who acted as agents for their father's firm. First located in nearby Newark, the Clark firm expanded into East Newark in 1875. The company became famous for its thread, which was specifically developed to work well with then-new sewing machines. It was the largest threadmaker in the nation by 1873, and doubled in size by William Clark's death in 1897, when it merged with competitor J&P Coats. Coats and its successors continued to operate on this site until the 1930s, when they began moving production to the American South. The site is now used by a variety of industrial companies.

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