Hudson County, New Jersey facts for kids

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Hudson County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Hudson County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the USA highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1840
Seat Jersey City
Largest City Jersey City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

62.31 sq mi (161 km²)
46.19 sq mi (120 km²)
16.12 sq mi (42 km²), 25.87%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

634,266
677,983 (2016 est.; 4th largest)
14,610/sq mi (5,641/km²)
Website: www.hudsoncountynj.org
Named for: Henry Hudson

Hudson County, a county in the U.S. state of New Jersey, lies west of the lower Hudson River, which was named for Henry Hudson, the sea captain who explored the area in 1609. Part of New Jersey's Gateway Region in the New York metropolitan area, Jersey City is its largest city and county seat.

As of the 2016 Census estimate, Hudson County was the fastest-growing county in New Jersey compared to 2010; the county's population was 677,983, making it the state's 4th-most populous county, an increase of 6.9% from the 2010 United States Census, when its population was enumerated at 634,266, in turn an increase of 25,291 (+4.2%) from the 608,975 enumerated in the 2000 Census. Hudson County is the fourth-most populous county in the state. Hudson County is the geographically smallest and most densely populated county in New Jersey and the sixth-most densely populated county in the United States, with 13,731.4 residents per square mile of total area in 2010.

Geography and topography

Municipalities

Hudson County, New Jersey Municipalities
Hudson County municipalities index map

There are 12 municipalities in Hudson County, listed with area in square miles and 2010 Census data for population and housing. North Hudson and West Hudson each comprise municipalities in their distinct areas.

Municipality
(with map key)
Municipal
type
Population
(2010)
Housing
units
Total
area
Water
area
Land
area
Pop.
density
Housing
density
Bayonne (1) city 63,024 27,799 11.08 5.28 5.80 10,858.3 4,789.4
East Newark (10) borough 2,406 794 0.12 0.02 0.10 23,532.1 7,765.8
Guttenberg (6) town 11,176 4,839 0.24 0.05 0.20 57,116.0 24,730.2
Harrison (9) town 13,620 5,228 1.32 0.12 1.20 11,319.3 4,344.9
Hoboken (3) city 50,005 26,855 2.01 0.74 1.28 39,212.0 21,058.7
Jersey City (2) city 247,597 108,720 21.08 6.29 14.79 16,736.6 7,349.1
Kearny (8) town 40,684 14,180 10.19 1.42 8.77 4,636.5 1,616.0
North Bergen (11) township 60,773 23,912 5.57 0.44 5.13 11,838.0 4,657.8
Secaucus (7) town 16,264 6,846 6.60 0.78 5.82 2,793.7 1,175.9
Union City (4) city 66,455 24,931 1.28 0.00 1.28 51,810.1 19,436.9
Weehawken (12) township 12,554 6,213 1.48 0.68 0.80 15,764.6 7,801.9
West New York (5) town 49,708 20,018 1.33 0.32 1.01 49,341.7 19,870.5
Hudson County county 634,266 270,335 62.31 16.12 46.19 13,731.4 5,852.5

Landforms and borders

Aster newyorkcity lrg
Satellite image showing the core of the New York metropolitan area. Over 10 million people live in the imaged area. Much of Hudson County is located on the peninsula at left.

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 62.31 square miles (161.4 km2), including 46.19 square miles (119.6 km2) of land (74.1%) and 16.12 square miles (41.8 km2) of water (25.9%). Based on land area, it is the smallest of New Jersey's 21 counties, less than half the size of the next smallest (Union County) and the eighth-smallest of all counties in the United States.

Hudson is located in the heart of New York metropolitan area in northeastern New Jersey. It is bordered by the Hudson River and Upper New York Bay to the east; Kill van Kull to the south; Newark Bay and the Hackensack River or the Passaic River to the west; its only land border is shared with Bergen County to the north and west.

Midtown from Hoboken
Midtown Manhattan, seen across the Hudson River from Hoboken at night

The topography is marked by the New Jersey Palisades in the north with cliffs overlooking the Hudson to the east and less severe cuesta, or slope, to the west. They gradually level off to the southern peninsula, which is coastal and flat. The western region, around the Hackensack and Passaic is part of the New Jersey Meadowlands. Much of the land along the county's extensive shoreline and littoral zone was created by land reclamation.

The highest point, at 260 feet (79 m) above sea level, is in West New York; the lowest point is at sea level. North Bergen is the city with the second most hills per square mile in the United States behind San Francisco.

Ellis Island and Liberty Island, opposite Liberty State Park, lie entirely within Hudson County's waters, which extend to the New York state line. Liberty Island is wholly part of New York. Largely created through land reclamation, Ellis Island covers a land area of 27.5 acres (11.1 ha), with the 2.74-acre (1.11 ha) natural island and contiguous areas comprising an 3.3 acres (1.3 ha) exclave of New York. Shooters Island, in the Kill van Kull, is also shared with New York. Robbins Reef Light sits atop a reef which runs parallel the Bayonne and Jersey City waterfront.

HudsonRiverJavitsCenter.agr
Hudson County and the Palisades, viewed across the Hudson River from Manhattan in the afternoon

Much of the county lies between the Hackensack and Hudson Rivers on geographically long narrow peninsula, (sometimes called Bergen Neck), that is a contiguous urban area where it's often difficult to know when one's crossed a civic boundary. These boundaries and the topography-including many hills and inlets-create very distinct neighborhoods. Kennedy Boulevard runs the entire length of the peninsula. Numerous cuts for rail and vehicular traffic cross Bergen Hill.

Counties adjacent to Hudson are New York County, New York and Kings County, New York to the east; Essex County, New Jersey and Union County, New Jersey to west; Richmond County, New York to the south; and Bergen County, New Jersey, the only one with which it shares a land border, to the north and west. Given its proximity to Manhattan, it is sometimes referred to as New York City's sixth borough.

History

The Lenape and New Netherland

Blaeu - Nova Belgica et Anglia Nova (Detail Hudson Area)
A map of the Hudson River Valley c. 1635 (North is to the right) Hudson County is called Oesters Eylandt, or Oyster Island

Hudson County, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.