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Hoboken Terminal
Erie-Lackawanna Railroad Terminal.jpg
Hoboken Terminal from the Hudson River in 2012
Location 1 Hudson Place
Hoboken, New Jersey
Owned by New Jersey Transit (street level)
Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (underground)
Line(s) Hoboken Division
Uptown and Downtown Hudson Tubes
Platforms 9 island platforms, 1 side platform
Tracks 18
Connections BSicon BOOT.svg NY Waterway
NJT Bus NJ Transit Bus: 22, 23, 63, 64, 68, 85, 87, 89, 126
Construction
Platform levels 2
Bicycle facilities 88 spaces
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Station code HOB
20496, 20497 (NJT Bus)
Fare zone 1
History
Opened February 25, 1907
Electrified September 3, 1930: 25 kV 60 Hz (commuter rail)
600 V (DC) third rail (PATH)
750 V DC Overhead lines (light rail)
Traffic
Passengers (2017) 15,628 (average weekday) (NJT)
Passengers (2018) 8,267,843 Decrease 6.1% (PATH)
Services
Preceding station NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Following station
Newark Penn Station
toward Bay Head
North Jersey Coast Line
limited service
Terminus
Newark Penn Station
toward High Bridge
Raritan Valley Line
limited service
Newark Broad Street
toward Hackettstown
Montclair-Boonton Line
Morristown Line
Newark Broad Street
toward Gladstone
Gladstone Branch
Secaucus Junction
toward Spring Valley
Pascack Valley Line
Secaucus Junction
toward Suffern
Main Line
Bergen County Line
Secaucus Junction
toward Meadowlands
Meadowlands Rail Line
Preceding station MTA NYC logo.svg Metro-North Following station
Secaucus Junction
towards Port Jervis
Port Jervis Line Terminus
Former services
Preceding station NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Following station
Arlington
toward Hackettstown
Boonton Line
until 2002
Terminus
Newark Broad Street
toward Bay Street
Montclair Branch
until 2002
Harrison
toward Bay Street
Montclair Branch
until 1984
Preceding station Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Following station
Newark
toward Buffalo
Main Line Terminus
Harrison
toward Montclair
Montclair Branch
Newark
toward Gladstone
Gladstone Branch
Kingsland
toward Dover
Boonton Branch
Erie-Lackawanna Railroad Terminal at Hoboken
Hoboken Terminal is located in Hudson County, New Jersey
Hoboken Terminal
Location in Hudson County, New Jersey
Hoboken Terminal is located in New Jersey
Hoboken Terminal
Location in New Jersey
Hoboken Terminal is located in the United States
Hoboken Terminal
Location in the United States
Location On the Hudson River at the foot of Hudson Place, Hoboken, New Jersey
Area 4 acres (2 ha)
Built 1907
Architect Kenneth MacKenzie Murchison
Architectural style American Industrial
NRHP reference No. 73001102
Added to NRHP July 24, 1973

Hoboken Terminal is a commuter-oriented intermodal passenger station in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. One of the New York metropolitan area's major transportation hubs, it is served by nine NJ Transit (NJT) commuter rail lines, one Metro-North Railroad line, various NJT buses and private bus lines, the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail, the Port Authority Trans Hudson (PATH) rapid transit system, and NY Waterway-operated ferries. More than 50,000 people use the terminal daily, making it the ninth-busiest railroad station in North America and the sixth-busiest in the New York area. It is also the second-busiest railroad station in New Jersey, behind only Newark Penn Station, and its third-busiest transportation facility, after Newark Liberty International Airport and Newark Penn. Hoboken Terminal is wheelchair accessible, with high-level platforms for light rail and PATH services and portable lifts for commuter rail services.

History

The site of the terminal has been used since colonial times to link Manhattan Island and points west. It was long a ferry landing accessible via turnpike roads, and later plank roads (namely the Hackensack, the Paterson and a spur of the Newark Plank Road). In 1811, the first steam-powered ferries began service under John Stevens, an inventor who founded Hoboken.

Hoboken Terminal Construction 1907
Hoboken Terminal under construction, 1907
Hoboken 060606b
Hoboken Terminal shortly after its construction
EL 3319 November 1978 (22348670758)
An Erie Lackawanna commuter train arriving at Hoboken in November 1978

The coming of the railroads brought more and more travelers to the west bank of the Hudson River. Passengers traveling to Manhattan from most of the continental USA had to transfer to a ferry at the riverbank. Cuts and tunnels were constructed through Bergen Hill to rail–ferry terminals on the west bank of the river and the Upper New York Bay. The first of the Bergen Hill Tunnels under Jersey City Heights was opened in 1876 by the Morris and Essex Railroad, which was leased by the Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad (DL&W). The DL&W built the modern terminal in 1907, and opened the second parallel tunnel in 1908. Both tunnels are still used by NJ Transit. The tubes of the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad, forerunner of PATH, were extended to Hoboken Terminal upon its opening. The first revenue train on the new line ran from the terminal on February 26, 1908.

At the peak of intercity rail service, five passenger terminals were operated by competing railroad companies along the Hudson Waterfront. Of these, Hoboken Terminal is the only one still in active use. Those at Weehawken (New York Central), Pavonia (Erie Railroad), and Exchange Place (Pennsylvania Railroad) were demolished in the 1960s, while the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal was restored and is now part of Liberty State Park.

In October 1956, four years before its merger with the DL&W to form the Erie Lackawanna Railway, the Erie Railroad began shifting its trains from Pavonia Terminal to Hoboken. The Erie moved its Northern Branch trains to Hoboken in 1959. In October 1965, on former Erie routes, there were five weekday trains run to Midvale, three to Nyack on the Northern Branch, three to Waldwick via the Newark Branch, two to Essex Fells on its Caldwell Branch, two to Carlton Hill, and one to Newton. All those trains were dropped in 1966. The last intercity trains that called at the station, with service to Chicago and Buffalo, were discontinued on January 5, 1970.

Conrail acquired the terminal in 1976 when it bought the Erie Lackawanna's rail assets. NJ Transit bought Conrail's rail properties in northern New Jersey, including Hoboken Terminal, in 1983.

Numerous streetcar lines (eventually owned and operated by the Public Service Railway), including the Hoboken Inclined Cable Railway, originated/terminated at the station until bustitution was completed on August 7, 1949.

Hoboken Terminal 1954
Hoboken Terminal c. 1954

Ferry service from the terminal to lower Manhattan ended on November 22, 1967. It resumed in 1989 on the south side of the terminal and moved back to the restored ferry slips inside the historic terminal on December 7, 2011. In addition, the terminal's clock tower was rebuilt in a renovation that took place between 2005 and 2009. The terminal building's walls were demolished and rebuilt to resemble their original appearance.

The station was badly damaged during Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012, with a 5 feet (1.5 m) storm surge inundating the facility; the water rose as high as 8 feet (2.4 m) in the PATH tunnels. The waiting room reopened in January 2013, while extensive repairs were still in progress. Daytime PATH service to midtown Manhattan was restored earlier, on December 19, and pre-Sandy service patterns were gradually restored by March 1, 2013.

Notable other uses

In 1930, Thomas Edison was at the controls for the first departure of a regular-service electric multiple unit train from Hoboken Terminal to Montclair. One of the first installations of central air-conditioning in a public space was at the station, as was the first non-experimental use of mobile phones.

The station has been used for film shoots, including Funny Girl, Three Days of the Condor, Once Upon a Time in America, The Station Agent, The Curse of the Jade Scorpion, Julie & Julia, Kal Ho Naa Ho, Rod Stewart's Downtown Train video (1990) and Eric Clapton's video for his 1996 single "Change the World".

Services

Commuter rail

Hoboken Terminal is the terminus and namesake for NJ Transit's Hoboken Division, which consists mostly of the former (Erie) Lackawanna commuter routes in northern New Jersey.

  • Main Line
  • Bergen County Line
  • Pascack Valley Line
  • Morristown Line and Gladstone Branch of the Morris and Essex Lines
  • Montclair-Boonton Line
  • North Jersey Coast Line (limited service)
  • Meadowlands Rail Line (event service)
  • Port Jervis Line
  • Raritan Valley Line (one inbound morning weekday train only)

Access to other NJ Transit rail lines is available at Newark Penn Station (which also serves Amtrak), Secaucus Junction, or Newark Broad Street.

Rapid transit

Hoboken
Port Authority Trans-Hudson PATH rapid transit station
Hoboken PATH station 2017a.jpg
PATH station platforms
Services
Preceding station PATH logo.svg PATH Following station
Terminus HOB–WTC
Weekdays
Newport
toward World Trade Center
HOB–33
Weekdays
Christopher Street
toward 33rd Street
Newport
toward Journal Square
JSQ–33 (via HOB)
Weeknights Weekends Holidays


PATH trains provide 24-hour service from a three-track underground terminal located north of the surface platforms. Three routes are offered on weekdays, and one route is offered on late nights, weekends and holidays. Entrances are from the main concourse or street, below the Hudson Place bus station with both an elevator and stairs. Travel to Newark Penn Station always requires a transfer, as does weekday service to Journal Square Transportation Center.


G Street Level Exit/entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, transfer to NJ Transit services
B2
Platform level
Eastbound      JSQ–33 (via HOB) weekends toward 33rd Street or Journal Square (Christopher Street or Newport)
     HOB–WTC weekdays toward World Trade Center (Newport)
Mezzanine access
Island platform Handicapped/disabled access
Eastbound      HOB–33 weekdays toward 33rd Street (Christopher Street)
     JSQ–33 (via HOB) weekends toward 33rd Street or Journal Square (Christopher Street or Newport)
     HOB–WTC weekdays toward World Trade Center (Newport)
Island platform Handicapped/disabled access
Eastbound      HOB–33 weekdays toward 33rd Street (Christopher Street)
     JSQ–33 (via HOB) weekends toward 33rd Street or Journal Square (Christopher Street or Newport)
Side platform Handicapped/disabled access

Light rail

Hoboken
Hoboken Terminal HBLR jeh.JPG
HBLR platform at tracks H1 and H2
Construction
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Fare zone 1
Services
Preceding station NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Following station
Terminus Hoboken–Tonnelle 2nd Street
toward Tonnelle Avenue
Newport
toward 8th Street
8th Street–Hoboken Terminus
Bayonne Flyer

Hoboken Terminal is the terminus for two of the three Hudson-Bergen Light Rail routes and the Bayonne Flyer. Light rail platforms for which are located south of Track 18 and the terminal building, and provide a pathway connection to 14th Street along the Hudson River.

Ground/platform level
Exit/entrance to 14th Street
and Hoboken Terminal
Track H1      Hoboken–Tonnelle toward Tonnelle Avenue (2nd Street)
     8th Street–Hoboken toward 8th Street (Newport)
     Bayonne Flyer toward 8th Street (rush hours) (Newport)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right Handicapped/disabled access
Track H2      Hoboken–Tonnelle toward Tonnelle Avenue (2nd Street)
     8th Street–Hoboken toward 8th Street (Newport)
     Bayonne Flyer toward 8th Street (rush hours) (Newport)
Track H4      Hoboken–Tonnelle toward Tonnelle Avenue (2nd Street)
     8th Street–Hoboken toward 8th Street (Newport)
     Bayonne Flyer toward 8th Street (rush hours) (Newport)
Side platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access

Ferry

Ferry service is operated by NY Waterway to Brookfield Place Terminal and Pier 11/Wall Street daily, as well as to the West Midtown Ferry Terminal on weekdays. The ferry concourse has five slips, numbered 1-5. Slips 1 and 5 are generally used for ferries heading to West Midtown, Slip 2 is generally used for Wall Street ferries, and Slip 3 is generally used for Brookfield Place ferries.

Bus service

Ten routes operated by New Jersey Transit Bus Operations serve Hoboken. Lanes 1-5 are underneath the covered "Hoboken Bus Terminal" adjacent to Track 1, while Lane 6 lies at the curb adjacent to the main commuter rail concourse.

Route 87 departs from Lane 1 for Jersey City, route 126 departs from Lanes 2 and 3 for the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Manhattan, and routes 85, 89 depart from Lane 4 for American Dream Meadowlands in East Rutherford or Nungessers. Routes 22, 22X, 23 depart from Lane 5 for Weehawken or Union City, and routes 63, 64, 68 departs from Lane 6 for Lakewood, Lincoln Harbor, or Old Bridge.

Former named trains

Four Photos at Hoboken Terminal in September 1965 (24011223286)
The Phoebe Snow at Hoboken Terminal in September 1965

Until the 1960s, Hoboken Terminal was also a major intercity station, serving as the New York-area terminus for several Lackawanna and Erie Lackawanna streamliner trains. Passenger trains extended beyond the daily commuter market to Buffalo, Chicago and northeastern Pennsylvania.

Name Operators Destination Year begun Year discontinued
Atlantic Express and Pacific Express Erie Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna Chicago, Illinois 1885, but started departing from Hoboken in 1956 1965
Chicago Limited Lackawanna Railroad DLW terminal in Buffalo, New York, continuing as an express New York Central train to Chicago, the westbound counterpart to the Lackawanna Limited 1917 1941
Erie Limited Erie Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna Chicago, Illinois Began in 1929, but started departing from Hoboken in 1956 1963
Lake Cities Erie Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna Chicago, Illinois Began in 1939, but started departing from Hoboken in 1956 1970
Lackawanna Limited Lackawanna Railroad Buffalo, until 1941 continuing to Chicago 1901 1949
Merchants Express Lackawanna Railroad Scranton 1937 1959
New York Mail Lackawanna Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna via Nickel Plate Road Buffalo, continuing to Chicago 1937 1968
New Yorker/Westerner Lackawanna Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna via Nickel Plate Road Buffalo, continuing to Chicago 1936 1963
Owl Lackawanna Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna via Nickel Plate Road Buffalo, continuing to St. Louis 1919 1968
Phoebe Snow Lackawanna Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna DL&W Terminal, Buffalo 1949 1966
Pocono Express Lackawanna Railroad Buffalo 1936 1965
Scrantonian Lackawanna Railroad Scranton 1942 1952
Twilight Lackawanna Railroad Buffalo 1950 1965

Design and landmark designation

Lackawana clocktower zoom sun jeh
New clock tower

Designed by architect Kenneth M. Murchison in the Beaux-Arts style, the rail and ferry terminal buildings were constructed in 1907 by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad. The terminal building is listed on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and the National Register of Historic Places (added in 1973 as #73001102 as the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad and Ferry Terminal).

The large main waiting room, with its floral and Greek Revival motifs in tiled stained glass by Louis Comfort Tiffany set atop bands of pale cement, is generally considered one of the finest in the U.S. aesthetically. The terminal exterior extends to over four stories and has a distinguished copper-clad façade with ornate detailing. Its single-story base is constructed of rusticated Indiana limestone. A grand double stair with decorative cast-iron railings within the main waiting room provides an entrance to the upper-level ferry concourse.

A 225-foot (69 m) clock tower was originally built with the terminal over a century ago, but was dismantled in the early 1950s due to structural damage and deterioration from weather damage. A new clock tower, replicating the original, was constructed during the terminal's centennial year of 2007 and was fully erect that November. The replica tower has 4-foot-high (1.2 m) copper letters spelling out "LACKAWANNA", which are lit at night.

The terminal is considered a milestone in American transportation development, combining rail, ferry, subway, streetcar (buses were added later, and light-rail was added even later), and pedestrian facilities in one of the most innovatively designed and engineered structures in the nation. Hoboken Terminal was also one of the first stations in the world to employ the Bush-type train shed, designed by and named for Lincoln Bush of the DL&W, which quickly became ubiquitous in station design. The station is unusual for a New York City area commuter railroad terminal in that it still has low-level platforms, requiring passengers to use stairs on the train to board and alight.


Environs and access

HobokenTerminalExterior
At Warrington Plaza

Though the passenger facilities are located within Hoboken, large parts of the infrastructure that supports them are located in Jersey City. The Hoboken/Jersey City line cuts across the rail yard at a northwest diagonal from the river to the intersection of Grove Street and Newark Street. It is at this corner that Observer Highway begins running parallel to the tracks and creating a de facto border for Hoboken. The Long Slip (created with the landfilling of Harsimus Cove) creates the southern perimeter of the station, separating it from Jersey City's Newport neighborhood.

Motor vehicle access to the station is extremely limited. At the eastern end of Observer Highway buses are permitted to enter their terminal. Other vehicles are required to do a dog-leg turn onto Hudson Place. This 0.05-mile-long (0.080 km) street (designated CR 736) is the only one with motor vehicle traffic adjacent to the station and acts as a pick-up/drop off point, and hosts a dedicated taxi stand. Egress from the terminal requires travelling north (for at least one block) on River Street.

Hudson Place ends at Warringtron Plaza. On this square one finds the main entrance to the waiting room and the vehicle entrances to the currently unused original ferry slips. A statue of Sam Sloan, president of the DL&W, moved during renovations faces the loading docks of the nearby post office. The plaza was named in honor of George Warrington, influential in the creation of NJ Transit, and as its executive director enabled the purchase and preservation of the station.

In 2009, pedestrian access to the terminal from the south was made possible with the opening of a new segment of the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway. The closing of this gap along the promenade nearly completes the stretch from the Morris Canal to Weehawken Cove, with signage along the concourse at the rail head inside the terminal indicating that it is officially part of the walkway.

Hoboken Terminal May 2015 panorama 1
Hoboken Terminal viewed from the northeast, with Jersey City skyline in the background

Gallery


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