West New York, New Jersey facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
This article describes the New Jersey town. For the geographic region of New York State, see Western New York.
West New York, New Jersey
Town
Town of West New York
60th Street in West New York
60th Street in West New York
Location of West New York within Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County in New Jersey
Location of West New York within Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County in New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West New York, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West New York, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Hudson
Incorporated July 8, 1898
Area
 • Total 1.329 sq mi (3.444 km2)
 • Land 1.007 sq mi (2.609 km2)
 • Water 0.322 sq mi (0.835 km2)  24.24%
Area rank 467th of 566 in state
8th of 12 in county
Elevation 151 ft (46 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 49,708
 • Estimate (2015) 53,366
 • Rank 36th of 566 in state
6th of 12 in county
 • Density 49,341.7/sq mi (19,050.9/km2)
 • Density rank 3rd of 566 in state
3rd of 12 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC−4)
ZIP code 07093
Area code(s) 201
FIPS code 3401779610
GNIS feature ID 0885438
Website westnewyorknj.org

West New York is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, situated upon the New Jersey Palisades. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 49,708, reflecting an increase of 3,940 (+8.6%) from the 45,768 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 7,643 (+20.0%) from the 38,125 counted in the 1990 Census.

West New York is one of the most densely populated municipalities in the United States as well as worldwide.

History

West New York was incorporated as a town by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on July 8, 1898, replacing Union Township, based on the results of a referendum held three days earlier. West New York underwent a massive growth at the beginning of the 20th century, driven by development of textile industries that made North Hudson the "Embroidery Capital of the United States".

The town was populated mainly with Italian Americans and German Americans. The 1960s saw an influx of Cuban émigrés to the area, once called Havana on the Hudson; it has since become one of the United States cities with a majority Hispanic population. Simultaneously, high-rise apartments, some of the tallest buildings in North Hudson, were built along Boulevard East, adding to the population of the town, giving it one of highest population densities in the country. Since the 1980s the Hudson waterfront, which had been part of the Weehawken Terminal has been redeveloped from industrial to residential and recreational uses, including the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway.

Geography

NorthHudsonNJtoManhattanf
Looking east to Hudson River and Manhattan skyline

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 1.329 square miles (3.444 km2), including 1.007 square miles (2.609 km2) of land and 0.322 square miles (0.835 km2) of water (24.24%).

The ZIP code for West New York is 07093. West New York is part of the New York metropolitan area and is at the heart of the North Hudson, New Jersey region. West New York is bordered on the north by Guttenberg, on the east by the Hudson River, on the south by Union City and Weehawken, and on the west by North Bergen.

West New York is one of North Hudson's communities atop The Palisades above the Hudson River, and home to the highest point in the county. Its Hudson Waterfront has been known as Bulls Ferry since before the American Revolutionary War. Bergenline Avenue is its main commercial thoroughfare, while the wide two-way 60th Street is a major cross-town thoroughfare, and site of Town Hall. More than half of U.S. Presidents have streets bearing their name in the town.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 5,267
1910 13,560 157.5%
1920 29,916 120.6%
1930 37,107 24.0%
1940 39,439 6.3%
1950 37,683 −4.5%
1960 35,547 −5.7%
1970 40,627 14.3%
1980 39,194 −3.5%
1990 38,125 −2.7%
2000 45,768 20.0%
2010 49,708 8.6%
Est. 2015 53,366 7.4%
Population sources: 1800–1920
1900–1910 1910–1930
1900–1990 2000 2010

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 49,708 people, 18,852 households, and 11,783 families residing in the town. The population density was 49,341.7 per square mile (19,050.9/km2). There were 20,018 housing units at an average density of 19,870.5 per square mile (7,672.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the town was 62.04% (30,839) White, 4.60% (2,289) Black or African American, 1.50% (744) Native American, 6.01% (2,986) Asian, 0.05% (24) Pacific Islander, 20.19% (10,038) from other races, and 5.61% (2,788) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 78.08% (38,812) of the population.

There were 18,852 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.8 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 96.8 males.

As of the 2010 United States Census, West New York had the third-highest percentage of Hispanics in the state, at 78.1%, accounting for 2.5% of the state's Hispanic population. Though Native Americans comprise less than 1% of the city's population, they doubled in the 2000s, and combined with Union City's Native Americans comprise 38% of the county's Native American population.

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $44,657 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,850) and the median family income was $42,534 (+/- $3,689). Males had a median income of $36,768 (+/- $2,414) versus $30,688 (+/- $1,952) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,419 (+/- $1,215). About 15.8% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 25.6% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 45,768 people, 16,719 households, and 11,034 families residing in the town. The population density was 44,995.1/mi² (17,324.6/km²). There were 17,360 housing units at an average density of 17,066.8/mi² (6,571.3 km²). The racial makeup of the town was 60.09% White, 3.55% African American, 0.67% Native American, 2.93% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 25.16% from other races, and 7.57% from two or more races. 78.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,719 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 34.0% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 22.3% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $31,980, and the median income for a family is $34,083. Males have a median income of $26,703 versus $22,326 for females. The per capita income for the town is $16,719. 18.9% of the population and 16.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 25.4% are under the age of 18 and 22.3% are 65 or older.

As of the 2000 Census, West New York was ranked as #52 on a list of cities with the highest percentage of renters. 80.1% of West New York residents lived in renter-occupied housing units, vs. 33.8% nationwide.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the town had a total of 24.11 miles (38.80 km) of roadways, of which 21.92 miles (35.28 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.19 miles (3.52 km) by Hudson County.

Public transportation

West New York at Newburgh
This New York Waterway ferry named West New York is not used on the routes which serve the town.

NJ Transit bus service is available to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 128, 154, 156, 158, 159, 165, 166 and 168 routes. The 181 and 188 routes offer service to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal. Travel to other New Jersey communities, including Jersey City, is offered on the 22, 23, 84, 86, 88 and 89.

The Bergenline Avenue station of Hudson-Bergen Light Rail is located at the city line with Union City, while the Weehawken Port Imperial is located on the Weehawken waterfront at the foot of Pershing Road near the NY Waterway ferry terminal. Regular ferry crossings of the Hudson River run daily.

Jitney commuter buses operate along Bergenline Avenue, providing service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal, the George Washington Bridge Bus Station, the Newport Centre and other local destinations. The county's most frequent route for dollar buses, jitneys operate along Bergenline Avenue as frequently as one bus every minute.

The closest airport in New Jersey with scheduled passenger service is Newark Liberty International Airport, located 13.6 miles (21.9 km) away in Newark / Elizabeth. New York City's LaGuardia Airport is 13.5 miles (21.7 km) miles away in Flushing, Queens via the Lincoln Tunnel.

Media and culture

West New York is located within the New York media market, with most of its daily papers available for sale or delivery. The Jersey Journal is a local daily paper based in Jersey City. Local weeklies include the free bilingual paper, Hudson Dispatch Weekly, a former daily, The West New York Reporter, which is part of the Hudson Reporter group of local weeklies, and the Spanish language El Especialito. River View Observer is a monthly newspaper that covers the Hudson County waterfront market.

In the late 2000s, West New York, Weehawken, Union City and North Bergen came to be dubbed collectively as "NoHu", a North Hudson haven for local performing and fine artists, many of whom are immigrants from Latin America and other countries, in part due to lower housing costs compared to those in nearby art havens such as Hoboken, Jersey City and Manhattan.

Images for kids


West New York, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.