Secaucus, New Jersey facts for kids

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Secaucus, New Jersey
Town
Town of Secaucus
Looking east to Hackensack River and Secaucus
Looking east to Hackensack River and Secaucus
Nickname(s): "The Jewel of the Meadowlands"
Location of Secaucus within Hudson County and the state of New Jersey
Location of Secaucus within Hudson County and the state of New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Secaucus, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Secaucus, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Hudson
Incorporated March 12, 1900 (as borough)
Reincorporated June 5, 1917 (as town)
Area
 • Total 6.599 sq mi (17.090 km2)
 • Land 5.822 sq mi (15.078 km2)
 • Water 0.777 sq mi (2.012 km2)  11.77%
Area rank 248th of 566 in state
4th of 12 in county
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 16,264
 • Estimate (2015) 19,104
 • Rank 155th of 566 in state
8th of 12 in county
 • Density 2,793.7/sq mi (1,078.7/km2)
 • Density rank 226th of 566 in state
12th of 12 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 07094, 07096
Area code(s) 201
FIPS code 3401766570
GNIS feature ID 0885392
Website www.secaucusnj.gov

Secaucus (/ˈskɔːkəs/ SEE-kaw-kus) is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 16,264, reflecting an increase of 333 (+2.1%) from the 15,931 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,870 (+13.3%) from the 14,061 counted in the 1990 Census.

Located within the New Jersey Meadowlands, it is the most suburban of the county's municipalities, though large parts of the town are dedicated to light manufacturing, retail, and transportation uses, as well as protected areas.

Secaucus is a derivation of the Algonquian words for "black" (seke or sukit) and "snake" (achgook), or "place of snakes", or sekakes, referring to snakes.

History

Sikakes, once an island, was part of the territory purchased by Director-General of New Netherland, Peter Stuyvesant in 1658. The territory was part of what is considered to be the oldest municipality in the state of New Jersey which was first chartered in 1660 as Bergen in the province of New Netherland and, in 1683, became Bergen Township.

Settlement had begun by at least 1733 by the Smith family, whose namesake Abel I. Smith Burial Ground is part of the lore of Secaucus.

Secaucus was originally formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 12, 1900, from portions of North Bergen. On June 7, 1917, Secaucus was incorporated as a town, replacing Secaucus borough, based on the results of a referendum held on June 5, 1917.

Secaucus was originally an agricultural community specializing in flowers. It later became known for its pig farms in the first half of the 20th century. In the early 1900s the town was home to approximately 55 pig farms, which housed nearly 250,000 pigs, which outnumbered humans 16 to 1. These farms served the meat demands of Newark and New York, and made the farmers wealthy. Many of them were local politicians, most notably pork peddler Henry B. Krajewski, who ran for New Jersey senator, three times for governor and twice for U.S. President. The town's pig farms, rendering plants, and junk yards gave the town a reputation for being one of the most odorous in the New York metropolitan area. In the 1950s the pig farms began to dwindle, partially due to construction on the New Jersey Turnpike, which would carry tourists who would not appreciate the odor. In 1963, debris from the demolition of Pennsylvania Station was dumped in the Secaucus Meadowlands. In later decades Secaucus became more of a commuter town. In a non-binding referendum in 1969, 90% of voters in Secaucus chose to leave Hudson County and join Bergen County, as that county was more similar in character and had lower taxes. However, only the state has the authority to change county lines, so it never came to fruition. Today it remains the most suburban town in Hudson County.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Secaucus as its 182nd best place to live in its 2010 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey, after ranking the borough 11th in its 2008 rankings.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 6.599 square miles (17.090 km2), including 5.822 square miles (15.078 km2) of it is land and 0.777 square miles (2.012 km2) of water (11.77%) is water.

At the southern end of Secaucus is Snake Hill (officially known as Laurel Hill), an igneous rock diabase intrusion jutting up some 150 feet (46 m) from the Meadowlands below, near the New Jersey Turnpike.

Being partly surrounded by the Hackensack Meadowlands, Secaucus provides opportunities to observe the recovery of natural marshes in the town's post industrial, post agricultural age. Some marsh areas in the northeast part of town have been filled to provide a new commercial area, and some to build footpaths for nature walks with signs illustrating birds and other wildlife to be seen there.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the town include:

  • County Avenue – from Municipal Building to Secaucus Junction
  • Harmon Cove – along the Hackensack River and Meadowlands Turnpike
  • Harmon Meadows, site of Mill Creek Mall and Meadowlands Convention Center
  • Laurel Hill
  • Little Snake Hill
  • North End – north of New Jersey Route 3, home Secaucus High School, Schmiddt's Woods, and Mill Creek Marsh
  • Riverbend – a wetlands preserve at the meander in the Hackensack River
  • Secaucus Junction – NJ Transit's central rail hub
  • Secaucus Plaza Central Business District at Paterson Plank Road south of Route 3
  • Snake Hill – site of Laurel Hill County Park

Subsections

North End

Secaucus Rec Ctr jeh
Secaucus Recreation Center

As its name suggests, the North End in Secaucus, New Jersey, is the section of town north of New Jersey Route 3 and the Secaucus Plaza Central Business District, to which it is connected by Paterson Plank Road. The Hackensack River and its tributary Mill Creek create the other borders for the district.

The North End is one of the older, traditional residential neighborhoods of Secaucus which itself has been transformed to a commuter town and retail and outlet shopping area in the late 20th century. It is home to Secaucus High School, whose athletic fields are used by the Bergen County Scholastic League. Nearby Schmiddt's Wood is one of the last original hardwood forests in urban North Jersey. As part of the New Jersey Meadowlands District, the areas along the river are characterized by wetlands preservation and restoration areas. Mill Creek Marsh is park administered by the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission and will eventually connect to the Secaucus Greenway. It southern counterpart is known as Riverbend. The Mill Creek Mall, also north of Route 3, but on the other side of Mill Creek close to New Jersey Turnpike Eastern Spur is part of Harmon Meadow

Harmon Cove

HarmonCoveHackensackRiverSecaucus
Hackensack River looking east

Harmon Cove is the western section of Secaucus, New Jersey along the Hackensack River, south of New Jersey Route 3. The name is portmanteau taken from Hartz Mountain, a corporation that owns much land in the New Jersey Meadowlands, which originally developed the area as a gated community in the 1970s with townhouses and highrise residential buildings. Part of the Hackensack RiverWalk Secaucus Greenway passes through the neighborhood, which is north of Anderson Marsh and Snake Hill, home to Hudson County's Laurel Hill Park.

NJ Transit maintained a Harmon Cove station from 1978 until the re-routing of the Bergen County Line and the opening of Secaucus Junction in August 2003. The HX Draw is used by the line to cross the river. NJ Transit bus 329 serves the area. The Meadowlands Hospital Medical Center and several hotels are located in Harmon Cove, whose main thoroughfare is Meadowlands Parkway, along which office and manufacturing buildings are found. The Harmon Cove Outlet Center is an outlet shopping district further inland from the Hackensack riverfront. Hartz Mountain Industries operates many facilities and properties in Harmon Cove.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,625
1910 4,740 191.7%
1920 5,423 14.4%
1930 8,950 65.0%
1940 9,754 9.0%
1950 9,750 0.0%
1960 12,154 24.7%
1970 13,228 8.8%
1980 13,719 3.7%
1990 14,061 2.5%
2000 15,931 13.3%
2010 16,264 2.1%
Est. 2015 19,104 17.5%
Population sources: 1900–1920
1900–1910 1910–1930
1930–1990 2000 2010

About 20% of the town's employed residents commute to New York City to work.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 16,264 people, 6,297 households, and 4,112 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,793.7 per square mile (1,078.7/km2). There were 6,846 housing units at an average density of 1,175.9 per square mile (454.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the town was 68.40% (11,125) White, 4.11% (668) Black or African American, 0.20% (32) Native American, 20.40% (3,318) Asian, 0.04% (6) Pacific Islander, 4.38% (713) from other races, and 2.47% (402) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.60% (3,025) of the population.

There were 6,297 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town, the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 90.5 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $82,289 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,523) and the median family income was $96,475 (+/- $10,189). Males had a median income of $58,902 (+/- $7,548) versus $54,665 (+/- $4,626) for females. The per capita income for the town was $38,375. About 4.7% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

According to the 2000 United States Census there were 15,931 people, 6,214 households, and 3,945 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,706.7 people per square mile (1,044.3/km2). There were 6,385 housing units at an average density of 1,084.8 per square mile (418.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 78.54% White, 4.45% African American, 0.11% Native American, 11.80% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.79% from other races, and 2.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.26% of the population.

There were 6,214 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the town, the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $59,800, and the median income for a family was $72,568. Males had a median income of $49,937 versus $39,370 for females. The per capita income for the town was $31,684. About 3.9% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Trolley Park jeh
Former trolley station, now a park

Secaucus contains a wide variety of road and rail transportation. Because of its central location, many shipping warehouses and truck freight transfer stations are located in Secaucus, both for shipping companies such as UPS and for numerous retailers. For example, Barnes & Noble's "same day delivery" service to Manhattan operates from a warehouse in Secaucus. The town also has a large rail yard and multimode terminal run by CSX and Norfolk Southern where loads are switched between trains or transferred to or from trucks.

Roads and highways

The town is divided into four by the intersecting roads of Route 3, which runs east and west, and the eastern spur of the New Jersey Turnpike (part of Interstate 95), which runs north-south, with an interchange (16E/17) at NJ Route 3 and interchange 15X, near the Secaucus Junction station, which opened in late 2005.

As of May 2010, the town had a total of 47.16 miles (75.90 km) of roadways, of which 38.08 miles (61.28 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.56 miles (4.12 km) by Hudson County and 1.75 miles (2.82 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 4.77 miles (7.68 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

Public transportation

Secaucus is the site of NJ Transit's Frank R. Lautenberg Secaucus Junction train station. As the station is in the south end of Secaucus, access from the rest of Secaucus is limited via County Avenue, Meadowlands Parkway or NJ Turnpike Interchange 15X. The station opened in December 2003, with a 1,100-spot parking lot that allows commuters to park and ride. Discount curbside intercity bus service is also provided outside the station by Megabus, with direct service to Boston and Philadelphia, among other locations.

Numerous NJ Transit buses serve Secaucus, including the 124, 129, 190 and 320 buses to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, the 78 bus to Newark, the 2 and 85 routes to Jersey City and local service provided on the 772 route. There is a bus park-and-ride at the northeast corner of Secaucus.

In the first half of the 20th century the Jersey City, Hoboken and Rutherford Electric Railway operated a trolley line through the then main business district of Secaucus, on Paterson Plank Road from Jersey City and across the Hackensack River to East Rutherford.

The closest airport with scheduled passenger service is Newark Liberty International Airport, which straddles Newark and Elizabeth.

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