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Columbia, North Carolina
Main Street
Main Street
Location of Columbia, North Carolina
Location of Columbia, North Carolina
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Tyrrell
 • Total 1.22 sq mi (3.16 km2)
 • Land 1.20 sq mi (3.12 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
3 ft (1 m)
 • Total 891
 • Estimate 
 • Density 630.92/sq mi (243.62/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 252
FIPS code 37-13940
GNIS feature ID 1019747

Columbia is a town in Tyrrell County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 891 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Tyrrell County.


The Albemarle-Pamlico Peninsula is located in northeastern North Carolina, inshore of Nags Head and the Outer Banks in the Inner Banks region. The peninsula is framed by Albemarle Sound to the north, Alligator River to the east, and the Scuppernong River to the west. [1] [2] In addition to the Scuppernong River, Tyrrell County is bordered on the north by the Albemarle Sound, one of the East Coast's largest estuarine systems, and to the east by the Alligator River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), all land.


Tyrrell County was Named for Sir John Tyrrell, one of the Lords Proprietors of the Carolina colony. Tyrrell County's original boundaries originally stretched westward from Roanoke Island to near present-day Tarboro. In 1870 the territory was divided and resulted in what is now known as Tyrrell, Martin, Washington, and Dare counties. Elizabethtown, later renamed Columbia, was established on the banks of the Scuppernong River in 1793 and became the Tyrrell County seat in 1799. [3]

Somerset Place State Historic Site, a representative antebellum plantation dating from 1785, is located near Columbia. Beginning in 1829, this was home to two generations of the Collins family-Josiah Collins III, his wife Mary, and their six sons. It was also home to more than three hundred enslaved men, women, and children of African descent whose lives and work are interpreted here as well. Somerset Place offers an insightful view of plantation life during the antebellum period. [4]

The earliest news paper in Columbia is known as the Eagle[5] and last known issue: Apr. 1, 1943.

Columbia's archaeology and National Register of Historic Places.[6].


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 166
1890 209 25.9%
1900 382 82.8%
1910 848 122.0%
1920 738 −13.0%
1930 864 17.1%
1940 1,090 26.2%
1950 1,161 6.5%
1960 1,099 −5.3%
1970 902 −17.9%
1980 758 −16.0%
1990 836 10.3%
2000 819 −2.0%
2010 891 8.8%
Est. 2019 759 −14.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Columbia racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 192 31.48%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 248 40.66%
Asian 3 0.49%
Other/Mixed 17 2.79%
Hispanic or Latino 150 24.59%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 610 people, 338 households, and 197 families residing in the town.

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