Tyrrell County, North Carolina facts for kids

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Tyrrell County, North Carolina
Seal of Tyrrell County, North Carolina
Map
Map of North Carolina highlighting Tyrrell County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1739
Seat Columbia
Largest town Columbia
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

594 sq mi (1,538 km²)
389 sq mi (1,008 km²)
205 sq mi (531 km²), 35%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

4,407
11/sq mi (4/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: tyrrellcounty.org/index.php/en/
Named for: Sir John Tyrrell

Tyrrell County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,407 making it the least populous county in the state. Its county seat is Columbia. The county was created in 1729 as Tyrrell Precinct and gained county status in 1739.

Tyrrell County is included in the Kill Devil Hills, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA-NC Combined Statistical Area.

History

The county was formed in 1729 as Tyrrell Precinct of Albemarle County, from parts of Bertie Precinct, Chowan Precinct, Currituck Precinct, and Pasquotank Precinct. It was named for Sir John Tyrrell, one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina.

With the abolition of Albemarle County in 1739, all of its constituent precincts became counties. In 1774 the western part of Tyrrell County was combined with part of Halifax County to form Martin County. In 1799 the western third of what was left of Tyrrell County became Washington County. In 1870 the half of Tyrrell County east of the Alligator River was combined with parts of Currituck County and Hyde County to form Dare County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 594 square miles (1,540 km2), of which 389 square miles (1,010 km2) is land and 205 square miles (530 km2) (35%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Major highways

  • US 64
  • NC 94

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 4,826
1800 3,395 −29.7%
1810 3,364 −0.9%
1820 4,319 28.4%
1830 4,732 9.6%
1840 4,657 −1.6%
1850 5,133 10.2%
1860 4,944 −3.7%
1870 4,173 −15.6%
1880 4,545 8.9%
1890 4,225 −7.0%
1900 4,980 17.9%
1910 5,219 4.8%
1920 4,849 −7.1%
1930 5,164 6.5%
1940 5,556 7.6%
1950 5,048 −9.1%
1960 4,520 −10.5%
1970 3,806 −15.8%
1980 3,975 4.4%
1990 3,856 −3.0%
2000 4,149 7.6%
2010 4,407 6.2%
Est. 2015 4,070 −7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,149 people, 1,537 households, and 1,055 families residing in the county. However, the North Carolina Department of Commerce 2015 County Economic Development Tier Rankings place the current population at 3.653. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 2,032 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 56.47% White, 39.43% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 2.05% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.62% of the population.

There were 1,537 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.40% were married couples living together, 16.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 114.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,684, and the median income for a family was $32,468. Males had a median income of $26,227 versus $18,403 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,326. About 19.10% of families and 23.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 20.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Tyrrell County North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Tyrrell County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Town

Unincorporated communities

Townships

  • Alligator
  • Columbia
  • Gum Neck
  • Scuppernong
  • South Fork

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