Hyde County, North Carolina facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Hyde County, North Carolina
Seal of Hyde County, North Carolina
Map

Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1739
Seat Swan Quarter
Largest community Ocracoke
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,424 sq mi (3,688 km²)
613 sq mi (1,588 km²)
811 sq mi (2,100 km²), 57%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

5,810
9.5/sq mi (4/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.hydecountync.gov
Named for: Edward Hyde

Hyde County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,810, making it the second-least populous county in North Carolina. Its county seat is Swan Quarter. The county was created in 1705 as Wickham Precinct. It was renamed Hyde Precinct in 1712 and gained county status in 1739.

History

The county was formed December 3, 1705, as Wickham Precinct, one of three precincts within Bath County. The name "Wickham" was derived from the manor of "Temple Wycombe" in Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom, the family home of John Archdale, Governor of North and South Carolina from 1695 to 1696. In 1712 it was renamed Hyde Precinct, for Edward Hyde, Governor of North Carolina from 1711 to 1712. In 1739 Bath County was abolished, and Hyde Precinct became Hyde County.

Various boundary adjustments followed. In 1745 Lake Mattamuskeet and its adjoining territory were transferred from Currituck County to Hyde County. In 1819 the part of Hyde County west of the Pungo River was annexed to Beaufort County. In 1823 the part of Currituck County south of New Inlet was annexed to Hyde County. This area included the present day Hatteras Island. In 1845 Ocracoke Island was transferred from Carteret County to Hyde County. In 1870 Hyde County was reduced to its present dimensions, when its northeastern part was combined with parts of Currituck County and Tyrrell County to form Dare County. Since its creation, the boundaries of Hyde County have changed more than those of any other county in North Carolina.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,424 square miles (3,690 km2), of which 613 square miles (1,590 km2) is land and 811 square miles (2,100 km2) (57%) is water. It is the second-largest county in North Carolina by total area. Hyde County's in-land is part of the Inner Banks. Ocracoke Island is part of the Outer Banks.

Adjacent counties

Bodies of water

National protected areas

  • Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Cape Hatteras National Seashore (part)
  • Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge
  • Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Swanquarter National Wildlife Refuge

Major highways

  • US 264
  • NC 12
  • NC 45
  • NC 94

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 4,204
1800 4,829 14.9%
1810 6,029 24.8%
1820 4,967 −17.6%
1830 6,184 24.5%
1840 6,458 4.4%
1850 7,636 18.2%
1860 7,732 1.3%
1870 6,445 −16.6%
1880 7,765 20.5%
1890 8,903 14.7%
1900 9,278 4.2%
1910 8,840 −4.7%
1920 8,386 −5.1%
1930 8,550 2.0%
1940 7,860 −8.1%
1950 6,479 −17.6%
1960 5,765 −11.0%
1970 5,571 −3.4%
1980 5,873 5.4%
1990 5,411 −7.9%
2000 5,826 7.7%
2010 5,810 −0.3%
Est. 2015 5,526 −4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,826 people, 2,185 households, and 1,433 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 3,302 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 62.65% White, 35.07% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.84% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 2.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,185 households out of which 26.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.70% were married couples living together, 13.10% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 30.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.40% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 112.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,444, and the median income for a family was $35,558. Males had a median income of $25,216 versus $20,482 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,164. About 10.30% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.50% of those under age 18 and 23.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Hyde County North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Hyde County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Hyde County has no incorporated municipalities.

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

  • Currituck
  • Fairfield
  • Lake Landing
  • Ocracoke
  • Swan Quarter

A sixth township, Mattamuskeet, is now "unorganized territory" occupied by the federally controlled Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge.


Hyde County, North Carolina Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.