Martin County, North Carolina facts for kids

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Martin County, North Carolina
Map

Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1774
Seat Williamston
Largest town Williamston
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

462 sq mi (1,197 km²)
461 sq mi (1,194 km²)
0.3 sq mi (1 km²), 0.06%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

24,505
53/sq mi (20/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.martincountyncgov.com
Named for: Josiah Martin

Martin County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,505. Its county seat is Williamston.

History

The county was formed in 1774 from the southeastern part of Halifax County and the western part of Tyrrell County. It was named for Josiah Martin, the last royal governor of North Carolina (1771–75). Whereas Dobbs County and Tryon County, named for Martin's predecessors Arthur Dobbs and William Tryon, were abolished after American independence, Martin County was neither abolished nor renamed, a fact which has been attributed to the popularity of Alexander Martin, twice governor of the state (1782–84, 1789–92).

The Martin County Courthouse was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 462 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 461 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.06%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 13
  • US 17
  • US 64
  • NC 11
  • NC 42
  • NC 125
  • NC 142
  • NC 171
  • NC 903

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 6,010
1800 5,629 −6.3%
1810 5,987 6.4%
1820 6,320 5.6%
1830 8,539 35.1%
1840 7,637 −10.6%
1850 8,307 8.8%
1860 10,195 22.7%
1870 9,647 −5.4%
1880 13,140 36.2%
1890 15,221 15.8%
1900 15,383 1.1%
1910 17,797 15.7%
1920 20,828 17.0%
1930 23,400 12.3%
1940 26,111 11.6%
1950 27,938 7.0%
1960 27,139 −2.9%
1970 24,730 −8.9%
1980 25,948 4.9%
1990 25,078 −3.4%
2000 25,593 2.1%
2010 24,505 −4.3%
Est. 2015 23,357 −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 25,593 people, 10,020 households, and 7,194 families residing in the county. The population density was 56 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 10,930 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 52.54% White, 45.37% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 2.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,020 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.30% were married couples living together, 17.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 86.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,793, and the median income for a family was $35,428. Males had a median income of $29,818 versus $19,167 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,102. About 16.30% of families and 20.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.50% of those under age 18 and 25.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Martin County North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Martin County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Towns

Townships

  • Bear Grass
  • Cross Roads
  • Goose Nest
  • Griffins
  • Hamilton
  • Jamesville
  • Poplar Point
  • Robersonville
  • Williams
  • Williamston

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