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Cossinia
Cossinia-pinnata-feuilles.JPG
Cossinia pinnata foliage
Cossinia pinnata flowers and immature fruit.jpg
Cossinia pinnata flowers and developing fruits
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Subfamily: Dodonaeoideae
Genus: Cossinia
Comm. ex Lam.
Type species
Cossinia pinnata
Lam.
Species

See text

Synonyms

Melicopsidium Baill.

Cossinia is a genus of four species of rainforest trees, constituting part of the plant family Sapindaceae. The genus has a disjunct distribution, occurring in Mascarene Islands, Australia, New Caledonia and Fiji.

They grow naturally in rainforests, including seasonally drought–prone rainforests, and associated non–fire–adapted vegetation types.

Cossinia trifoliata trees, endemic to New Caledonia, have become vulnerable to global extinction according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)'s 1998 assessment.

Cossinia australiana trees, endemic to restricted habitat areas of central-eastern and southeastern Queensland, Australia, have the official national and Queensland state governments' "endangered" conservation status. Within their known endemic region the trees grow naturally in habitats which have historically had their native vegetation extensively destroyed and as of 2013 have been further threatened.

Naming and classification

The genus was first described in 1786 by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in Encyclopédie Méthodique: Botanique. The publication includes descriptions of the species Cossinia pinnata and C. triphylla, named earlier by Philibert Commerson.

In 1982 Australian botanist Sally T. Reynolds formally described the new species name Cossinia australiana, recognised that C. triphylla is a synonym of C. pinnata and updated Ludwig A. T. Radlkofer's species identification key to include all four currently accepted species.

Species

  • Cossinia australiana S.T.Reynolds – central–eastern to southeastern Queensland endemic, Australia
  • Cossinia pacifica A.C.Sm. – Fiji endemic
  • Cossinia pinnata Comm. ex Lam., syn.: C. triphylla Comm. ex Lam.Réunion and Mauritius –Mascarene Islands endemic (Indian Ocean)
  • Cossinia trifoliata (Baill.) Radlk., syn.: Melicopsidium trifoliatum Baill.
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