The Counter-Reformation was a movement within the Roman Catholic Church. Its main aim was to reform and improve it.
It started in the 1500s. Its first period is called the Catholic Reformation. It had many features. They covered the following five areas:
- Ecclesiastical or Structural Reconfiguration
- Religious Orders
- Spiritual Movements
- Political Dimensions
The Counter-Reformation began after Martin Luther's reformation, which made the many Protestant Churches. Its name was the Protestant Reformation. In reaction to it, the Catholics did two things. They doubled their efforts, and they also stressed some points of faith that the Protestants' objections had put in danger such as the reinforcement of the seven sacraments and their beliefs on transubstantiation.
A copy of the Vulgate (the Latin edition of the Catholic Bible) printed in 1590, after many of the Council's reforms had begun to take place in Catholic worship
A session of the Council of Trent, from an engraving.
Peter Paul Rubens was the great Flemish artist of the Counter-Reformation. He painted Adoration of the Magii in 1624.
Counter-Reformation Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.