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Cowlitz Indian Tribe facts for kids

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Cowlitz Indian Tribe
Flag of the Cowlitz Indian Tribe.PNG
Traditional Cowlitz territory
Total population
3500 + enrolled members
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Washington)
English, Cowlitz
traditional tribal religion
Related ethnic groups
other Cowlitz people

The Cowlitz Indian Tribe is a federally recognized tribe of Cowlitz people. They are a tribe of Southwestern Coast Salish and Sahaptan indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest located in Washington.

Other Cowlitz people are enrolled in the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakima Nation, and Quinault Indian Nation.


The Cowlitz Reservation was established in 2010. The 152-acre (62 ha) reservation is located near La Center, in Clark County, Washington.

Economic development

The Cowlitz Indian Tribe has built the Ilani Casino Resort with ten restaurants and plans for a hotel, located near Ridgefield, Washington.


Cowlitz people actively traded with other tribes and later European Americans. 19th century treaties were not ratified by the United States or were unacceptable to the Cowlitz. In 1906 the tribe, under the leadership of Chief Atwin Stockum, began formal political relations with the United States. The Cowlitz Indian Tribe has had its constitutional elective tribal council system of government since 1950. Federal recognition was reaffirmed in 2000.

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